Knowledge, attitude and practice of contraception among paramedical staff at tertiary care centre

Indira Lamba, Manish Kumar Bhardwaj


Background: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of contraception among female paramedical staff, who is already working in the tertiary care hospital and identify the factors that hinders the use of contraception.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was done in the Dept. of obstetrics and gynecology, SMS Medical College and attached group of hospitals, Jaipur. The study group included 90 paramedical female staff of reproductive age group (20-45 years) working in this hospital. Their knowledge, attitude and practice on contraceptives were evaluated with the help of a predesigned questionnaire.

Results: It was found that 93% of female paramedical staff were using contraceptive method, most of them (70%) using condom (barrier method) as contraceptive. since they were health worker about 88% has Contraceptive Information and 63% also has knowledge about post-partum lactational amenorrhea. 58 % using contraceptive to Preventing unwanted pregnancy. 39% staff discontinued methods due to abnormal uterine bleeding and 20% not adopted any method due to fear of its side effect.

Conclusions: Although the level of knowledge, attitude and acceptance of contraception among female paramedical staff were very good but every health worker should teach the community on family planning holistically to increase the awareness so that family planning utilization will be enhanced. This study highlights that knowledge and awareness doesn’t always lead to the use of contraceptives. There is still a need to educate and motivate.


Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Paramedical staff, Contraception

Full Text:



Santoso BI, Surya R. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Contraception among Pregnant Women in Ende District, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. J South Asian Feder Obs Gynae. 2017;9(2):110-118.

Park K. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine. 17th ed. Jabalpur: Banarasidas Bhanot. 2002:325-358.

Chavan GM. A Study of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Regarding Contraceptive Services Among Health Workers in Sangli District of Maharashtra, India. Natl J Community Med. 2014;5(4):414-8.

Zangmu Sherpa SZ. Journal of Family and Reproductive Health. 2013;7(3):115-120.

Hirth JM, Dinehart EE, Lin YL, Kuo YF, Patel PR. Reasons Why Young Women in the United States Choose Their Contraceptive Method. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2021;30(1):64-72.

Prachi R, Shuva G, Das, Ankur B, Jaju S, Khati B. A study of knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning among the women of reproductive age group in Sikkim. J ObstetGynecol India. 2007;58.

Donati S, Sharma N, Medda M. Family planning knowledge attitude and practice survey in Manipure state. J Obstet Gynecol India. 2003;53:485-90.

Khawaja NP, Tayyab R, Malik N. Awareness and practices of contraception among Pakistani women attending a tertiary care hospital. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2004;24:564-7.

Oyedeji OA, Cassimjee R. A gendered study of young adult contraceptive use at one university in Kwa Zulu-Natal. Curationis. 2006;29(3):7-14.

Brahmbhatt MM, Sheth JK, Balaramanamma DV. A study of knowledge, attitude and practice towards contraception among married women of reproductive age group having ≤2 children residing in Vasna ward, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. Healthline. 2013;4(2):8-12.

Skogsdal Y, Fadl H, Cao Y, Karlsson J, Tydén T. An intervention in contraceptive counseling increased the knowledge about fertility and awareness of preconception health-a randomized controlled trial. Ups J Med Sci. 2019;124(3):203-212.

Singh A, Meena P, Radhakrishnan G, Rutela M. A knowledge, attitude and practice study on awareness and acceptance of contraception in postpartum women in a tertiary care hospital. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol. 2016;5:1921-4.

Sato R, Elewonibi B, Msuya S, Manongi R, Canning D, Shah I. Why do women discontinue contraception and what are the post-discontinuation outcomes? Evidence from the Arusha Region, Tanzania. Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters. 2020;28:1.