DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20211522

Gestational diabetes mellitus - need for universal screening - a clinical study in a tertiary care centre

Kondapuram Veena, Srilakshmi Ambarkar

Abstract


Background: To study the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus among antenatal mothers and to assess the importance of universal screening to detect gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Methods: A total of 300 antenatal women irrespective of gestational age were screened for GDM at their antenatal visit during the period of January 2020 to June 2020. All women were screened with 75gm oral glucose load irrespective of last meal followed by blood glucose estimation by glucose oxidase peroxidase method 2 hours following glucose load. A cut-off of 140mg/dl or more were labelled as gestational diabetes mellitus as per DIPSI guidelines.

Results: Out of 300 antenatal women tested, 24 women (8%) were positive for gestational diabetes mellitus. During the first, second and third trimesters 12.5%, 33.33% and 54.17% were diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus respectively. The number of gestational diabetes mellitus patients for the age groups ≤20 years, 21-25 years, 26-30 years and >30 years are 2 (8.33%), 3 (12.5%), 8 (33.33%) and 11 (45.83%) respectively. The number of pregnant women tested positive for gestational diabetes mellitus with BMI ≤18.5, 18.6-24.9, 25-29.9 and 30-35 are 2 (8.33%), 4(16.67%), 8(33.33%) and 10(41.67%) respectively.

Conclusions: Prevalence of GDM in our study is 8%. About 29.16% of GDM did not have any risk factors. This emphasizes the importance of universal screening for GDM of all pregnant women irrespective of gestational age. There is an increased association of GDM with age, BMI, family history and parity according to our study.


Keywords


DIPSI, Gestational diabetes mellitus, Universal screening

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References


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