Granulosa cell tumor complicated by torsion, rupture and hemoperitoneum
Keywords:Granulosa tumor, Malignant, Postmenopausal, Radiotherapy, Surgery
Granulosa cell tumor, a sex cord stromal estrogen secreting tumor presents with vaginal bleeding and is seen in all ages. It accounts for <5% of all ovarian neoplasm. We reported a rare case of granulosa cell tumor in a postmenopausal woman undergoing staging laparotomy with total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oopherectomy for malignant ovarian tumor, which was complicated by torsion, rupture and hemorrhagic ascitis. Any ovarian tumor with vaginal bleeding should arouse suspicion of granulosa cell tumor in the background of postmenopausal woman. For most patients, surgery alone is sufficient primary therapy, Radiation and chemotherapy are reserved for the treatment of recurrent or metastatic disease.
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