DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20212683

Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia: two different neonatal manifestations of the same disease

Miguel P. Pereira, Marta Pinto, Mafalda Lucas, Ana P. Domingues, Cristina Matos, Jorge Lima

Abstract


Fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia is a rare disorder in which maternal alloantibodies cross the placenta and cause fetal thrombocytopenia. Most cases are mild but can be potentially fatal if there is an intracranial haemorrhage. Usually, the mother is asymptomatic during pregnancy and no screening is routinely recommended unless there is obstetric or family history. After birth, prompt identification is crucial so that the newborn is closely monitored and treatment is given, if needed, to prevent serious complications. In this article we present two clinical cases of fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia in first-born children, after uneventful pregnancies, with different outcomes and discuss the obstetric management and follow-up in future pregnancies.


Keywords


Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia, Neonatal stroke, Prenatal screening, Antenatal management

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References


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