Evaluation of serum lipid profile in cases of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia

Meena Mittal, C. V. Kulkarni, Ashok Panchonia, R. K. Mittal

Abstract


Background: According to the current knowledge, rise in the serum triglyceride level is a major contributor in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia and eclampsia. The present study was designed to compare the changes in lipid profile in normal pregnancy, pre-eclampsia & eclampsia cases.

Methods: A case control study was done consisting of total 100 study subjects, 75 already diagnosed pre-eclamptic & eclamptic women and 25 normotensive pregnant women. Age range was 18-35 years, gestational age 28 weeks to term were included. Serum Total Cholesterol (TC), triglyceride and HDL-cholesterol by enzymatic colorimetric method were done.

Results: Results showed that level of serum triglycerides in mild pre-eclampsia (156.22 ± 66.5 mg/dl), severe pre-eclampsia (168.30 ± 68.1 mg/dl) & eclampsia (224.89 ± 84.40 mg/dl) as compared to normal pregnant women (130.95 ± 44.64 mg/dl) was increased significantly (P <0.05). Other parameters TC, HDL-C, LDL-C were not changed significantly.

Conclusions: The findings of the present study are consistent with previous studies, suggesting increased levels of serum triglyceride as an important factor in the pathological process of preeclampsia & eclampsia. This may help in developing strategies for prevention or early diagnosis of the disorder.


Keywords


Pre-eclampsia, Triglycerides, High density lipoproteins, Low density lipoproteins

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