Maternal and neonatal outcome of twin pregnancies with single fetal demise

Gunjan Rai, Sudhir Mansingh, Bikram Bhardwaj



Background: In current study we managed twin pregnancies having single fetal demise with a successful outcome. Generally monochorionic and monoamniotic pregnancies are having high probability of complications, so we have to be more watchful in these pregnancies. Termination of pregnancy is not the only option as we can manage and prolong pregnancies with a good outcome by strict monitoring of patients. Aim of our study was to look for fetomaternal outcome in twin pregnancies with single fetal demise.

Methods: This is a retrospective study done between July 2017 to June 2020 at Command hospital, Panchkula, Haryana. Total 3249 deliveries have been conducted during above said period. Out of which 47 deliveries were having twin pregnancy. We had six twin pregnancies who reported with one fetal demise. These cases were managed with regular monitoring of coagulation profile and strict fetal surveillance for surviving twin. The cases were studied for antenatal, postnatal and any neonatal complication.

Results: No antenatal, postnatal maternal or any neonatal complication observed in this study. During study period we delivered total 3249 patients, out of which 47 were twin pregnancy. Out of these 47 (1.44%) twins’ pregnancies 33 (70.31%) were DADC and 14 (29.69%) DAMC. We studied six twin pregnancies who had single fetal demise.

Conclusions: Even with single fetal demise pregnancies can be continued till term with strict monitoring for maternal and fetal complications. Termination is not the only answer in twin pregnancies with single fetal demise. Although our study was small, it indicates that in case of twin pregnancy with single fetal death and under good surveillance, the live fetus can be salvaged.



Monochorionic, dichorionic, TTTS, Rh isoimmunization

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