Prevalence of self-reported reproductive tract infections/sexually transmitted infections symptoms and treatment seeking behavior among the married tribal women in Udaipur, Rajasthan


  • Anjana Verma Department of Community Medicine, Geetanjali Medical College, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • Ashish Patyal Department of Neuroanaesthesia, Walton centre, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • Medha Mathur Department of Community Medicine, Geetanjali Medical College, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • Navgeet Mathur Department of General Medicine, Geetanjali Medical College, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • Jitendra Hirani Department of Community Medicine, Geetanjali Medical College, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India



Reproductive, India, Treatment, Tribal women


Background: Indian tribes are culturally distinct communities, with unique traditions and practices. Lack of awareness and “culture of silence” about reproductive health issues among women in rural areas contributes to high burden of reproductive tract infections/sexually tract infections. Rural tribal women also suffer from ignorance, poverty and lack of access to quality health care, which makes them more vulnerable to RTIs/STIs.

Methods: It was a community based cross sectional study conducted among 200 tribal women living in rural Udaipur, Rajasthan. The study was conducted from May 2019 to November 2019. A predesigned, pretested and structured questionnaire was used to take the interview of eligible women. Questionnaire included questions about sociodemographic profile, questions to assess the knowledge regarding RTIs and history of occurrence of any RTI symptom in the past six months and; questions to assess the treatment seeking behaviour for RTI symptoms.

Results: Most of the participants were 26-35 years old.About 37% gave the history of experiencing RTI symptoms, vaginal discharge being the most common (46%) symptom. Regarding the treatment, most (34%) of the females took treatment from government hospital, followed by 26% of women who bought the medicines direct from pharmacy (over the counter), about 16% consulted a private practitioner. Prevalence was found to be significantly higher in less educated, belonging to lower socioeconomic status and among non-users of contraceptive methods.

Conclusions: Health education and active participation of stakeholders in the reproductive health programs is essential to strengthen the ongoing schemes about improving reproductive health of tribal women.


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