DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20215096
Published: 2021-12-28

Role of parents, teachers at home and school in prevention of female sexual abuse: an analysis

Anithathamaraiselvi A. Nainar, Sivapriya Ramasamy, Mekala Shanmugam

Abstract


Background: Sexual assault is an act performed by one person on another without the person’s consent or on a victim who is incapable of giving consent. The purpose of this article is to analyze the female sexual assault cases reported in one year –and the role of parents, teachers, at home and school in prevention of child sexual abuse.

Methods: Data of victims who were admitted in GDMCH in the department of obstetrics and gynaecology in the year 2020 were collected from the medico legal register retrospectively and analyzed.Results: Age wise distribution showed 70% of cases were in the age group 15-19 years. 57% of assaults were with consent and 43% without consent. 93% of the perpetrators were known to the victim. Around 48% of the assaults were multiple episodes by a single perpetrator. The place of assault in 39% of cases was perpetrator’s house, 35% was in friend’s or relative’s house.Conclusions: 86% of the victims were <19 years of age, hence, educational awareness services are to be given to high school students and teachers .School authorities and teachers should implement strict vigilance against improper use of the internet and mobile phones by the students. Most common location of assault was the perpetrator's house (39%), followed by their friend’s house (22%). Hence parents should take every care to watch over the child and never leave them unsupervised.

 


Keywords


Child sexual abuse, Prevention, Victim, Perpetrator

Full Text:

PDF

References


Jewkes R, Abrahams N. The epidemiology of rape and sexual coercion in South Africa. Social Sci Med. 2002;55(7):1231-44.

Holmes MM. Rape related pregnancy: estimates and descriptive characteristics from a national sample of women. Am J Obstet Gynaecol. 2017;05:42-9.

Boyer D, Fine D. Sexual Abuse as a factor in adult pregnancy. Family Plan Prespect. 1992;24:4-11.

Briggs L, Joyce PR. What determines post-traumatic stress disorder symptomatology for survivors of childhood sexual abuse?. Child Abuse Neglect. 2015; 14:105-9.

Acierno R. Risk factors for rape, physical assault, and post-traumatic stress disorders in women: examination of differential multivariate relationships. J Anxiety Disord. 1999;13:541-63.

Miller M. Amodel explain the relationship between sexual abuse & HIV risk among women. AIDS Care. 1999;11:3-20.

Mercy JA. Intentional injuries. In: Mashaly AY, Graitcer PH, Youssef ZM, eds. Injury in Egypt: analysis of injuries as a health problem. Cairo: Rose El Youssef New Presses; 1993:65-84.

Mollica RF, Son L. Cultural dimensions in the evaluation and treatment of sexual trauma: an overview. Psychiat Clin North Am. 1989;12:363-379.

Geidam AD, Njoku AE, Bako B. Prevalence and nature of sexual assault among female students in a tertiary institution in Maiduguri, Nigeria- A crosssectional study. Int J Health Res. 2010;3(4):199-203.

Akinsuli FM, Rabiu K, Olawepo T, Adewumi AA, Ottun TA, Akinola OI. Sexual assault in Lagos, Nigeria: a five-retrospective review. BMC Women’s Health. 2014;14:115.

Lu MC, Lu JS, Halfin VP. Domestic violence and sexual assault. In: Decherney AH, Nathan L, Laufer N, Roman AS, eds. current diagnosis and treatment obstet gynecol. 11th ed. New York: McGraw Hill Medical; 2013:971-77.

Guidance for all doctors. Available at: www.gmc-uk.org/guidance/archive/GMC. Accessed on 20 September 2021.

UK National guidelines on the management of adult and adolescent complainants of sexual assault 2011. Available at: https://www.bashhguidelines.org/ media/1079/4450.pdf. Accessed on 20 September 2021.

General Medical Council, Confidentiality: protecting and providing information. Available at: http://www.gmc-uk.org/static/documents/content/ Confidentiality _core_2009. Accessed on 20 September 2021.

Rawat S, Guin G, Dadich R. A 5 year retrospective study - An overview of sexual assault survivors in NSCB medical college. BMC Women’s Health. 2016:19:59-63.

Riggs N, Houry D, Long G, Markovchick V, Feldhaus KM. Analysis of 1076 cases of sexual assault. Ann Emerg Med. 2000:35(4):358-62.

Akinsuli FM, Rabiu k, Olawepo T, Adewumi AA. Sexual assault in Lagos, Nigeria: a five-retrospective review. BMC Women’s Health. 2014;14:115.

Badejoko OO, Anyabolu HC, Badejoko BO, Ijarotimi AO, Kuti O, Adejuyigbe EA. Sexual assault in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Niger Med J. 2014;55:254-9.

Margaret MMI, Mezie O, Folusho A. Sexual violence among female undergraduates in a tertiary institution in port-Harcourt: prevalence, pattern and health consequences. Afr J Reprod Health. 2014;18(4):79-85.

Ezechi OC, Musa ZA, David AN, Wapmuk AE, Idigbe IE. Trends and patterns of sexual assaults in Logaos, South-Western Nigeria. Pan Afr Med J. 2016;24:261.

Bugaje MA, Ogunrinde GO, Faruk JA. Child sexual abuse in Zaria, North Western Nigeria. Niger J Paed. 2012;39(3):110-4.