To study second trimester placental location as a predictor of adverse pregnancy outcome

Neetu Singh, Renu Gupta, Kiran Pandey, Neena Gupta, Ani Chandanan, Priya Singh


Background: Pregnancy and childbirth is universally celebrated as an event. It can also be one of experiences of misery and suffering when complications or adverse circumstances comprise the pregnancy, causing morbidity or even mortality. To study second trimester placental localization as a predictor of adverse pregnancy outcome.

Methods: The study was conducted in Upper India Sugar Exchange Maternity Hospital, GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, India from January 2014 to July 2015 on 592 pregnant women between 18-24 week over a period of 16 months.

Results: This study shows that lateral placental location was associated with increased incidence of preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction and posterior placental location associated with preterm labour and stillbirth.

Conclusions: Placental localization by ultrasound in pregnant women during 18-24 week of gestation can be used as easy, non-invasive, cost-effective tool as a predictor of adverse pregnancy outcome.


Placenta, Preeclampsia, Preterm, IUGR, Still birth

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