Published: 2021-11-25

Study of mode of delivery and maternal morbidity in preterm and term COVID-19 positive pregnant women

Saksha Dholakiya, Pooja S. Singh, Jaishree Bamniya, Haresh U. Doshi


Background: Pregnant women are likely to represent a high-risk population during current coronavirus 2019 pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2. The aim and objective of this study was to evaluate how COVID-19 pandemic has affected the mode of delivery and whether complications of the disease and mortality rate are higher in pregnant women than in non‐pregnant women.

Methods: This ambispective observational study was conducted in department of obstetrics and gynaecology of our institute. Pregnant women diagnosed with positive for COVID-19 via the SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR test in the third trimester and all neonates with complete COVID-19 testing and delivery data. This data was analysed.

Results: Out of total 66 cases studied, 48 patients (72.7%) were asymptomatic, while 13 (19.7%) had mild respiratory or gastro intestinal symptoms on initial assessment at admission, including cough, sore throat, fever, weakness or diarrhoea. Cesarean sections were performed in 57.6% of cases. There were no cases of maternal or neonatal mortality.

Conclusions: The study revealed that COVID-19 positive pregnant women are usually asymptomatic or mild-moderately symptomatic, similar to COVID-19 positive non-pregnant women. There was a noted rise in the rate of caesarean sections as a mode of delivery.



RT-PCR, COVID-19 and pregnancy, SARS-CoV-2

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