Presentation and intervention in missing Copper T Thread in reference to timing of insertion


  • Pooja R. Jafra Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital, Rajpura, Punjab, India
  • Alka Sehgal Government Medical College, Sector 32, Chandigarh, India
  • Dilpreet K. Pandher Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital, Rajpura, Punjab, India
  • Bikramjit S. Jafra Department of Paediatrics, Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital, Rajpura, Punjab, India



Intrauterine contraceptive device, Copper T, Standard operating procedure, Hysteroscopy, Missing CuT thread


Background: To analyse the impact of time of insertion of Copper T to presentation and intervention for management of missing Cu-T thread.

Methods: After approval of the study by research and institutional Ethics Committee, present study was carried out partly prospectively on patients presenting with missing Cu T thread. Retrospective data was also collected from minor OT or admission records for those admitted for removal of IUCD and duly completed telephonically. Proportion of women with missing Cu T thread were calculated in percentages. Correlation between different groups couldn’t be calculated because of major difference in number of subjects in groups. Data was analysed with regard to relation to timing of insertion, presentation, complications, number and kind of interventions for its removal.

Results: Among 57 women, 30 had post LSCS CuT insertion, 6 had post NVD, 20 had interval CuT insertion, 1 had post abortal insertion. Misplaced CuT was detected in 8 women on USG, 4 (50%) had post LSCS, 3 (37.5%) post NVD and 1 (12.5%) had interval CuT insertion. OPD removal could be attempted successfully in 30 women; 11 (36.67%) post LSCS, 2 (33.33%) post NVD, 16 (80%) interval and 1 (100%) post abortion insertion. OT removal was needed in 23 women; 17 (56.67%) post LSCS, 2 (33.33%) post NVD, 4 (20%) interval CuT insertion. Spontaneous expulsion diagnosed in 4, 2 post LSCS and 2 post NVD CuT insertion.

Conclusions: There is definite impact of timing of Cu T insertion on incidence of misplacement and expulsion and more data and studies are needed for developing a common information performa to develop SOPs for follow up of such patients.

Author Biographies

Pooja R. Jafra, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital, Rajpura, Punjab, India



Alka Sehgal, Government Medical College, Sector 32, Chandigarh, India




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Original Research Articles