Published: 2022-04-27

An evaluation of etiology of recurrent pregnancy loss: prospective observational study

Aparna B. Bavache, Urmila G. Gawali, Gautam S. Aher


Background: Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is a global issue, affecting 1-2% of fertile women. RPL can be explained as two or more pregnancy losses which are documented either by ultrasonography or histopathological examination. This study aimed to evaluate etiology of RPLs.

Methods: This prospective observational study was carried out in 40 women with history of RPL attending outpatient department (OPD) and inpatient department (IPD) of the department of obstetrics and gynaecology at the tertiary care centre of Dr. Vitthalrao Vikhe Patil Foundation’s (DVVPF’s) Medical College, Ahmednagar. The study was carried out from April 2020 to May 2021 in 40 women with history of RPL.

Results: RPL most commonly occurs due to unexplained causes, followed by endocrinal causes. It was found most commonly in 21-30 years age group.



Recurrent pregnancy loss, Miscarriages, Habitual abortion

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