Retrospective study to assess the prevalence of overweight and obese women delivering at tertiary care centre in Pune


  • Sumeet R. Tripathy Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Military Hospital, Nasirabad, Rajasthan, India
  • Priyanka Rathore Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Military Hospital, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • Santosh S. Basarkod Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India
  • Madhurya Bezbaruah Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Command Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
  • Mandeep Kaur Department of Community Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India
  • Sushmita Debnath Command Military Dental Centre, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India



BMI, Obesity, Overweight, High risk pregnancy


Background: Obesity is a modern-day epidemic affecting women in reproductive age group. Increase in obesity in pregnant women is associated with increased rates of complications.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted based on available hospital data between January 2020 and March 2020. Pregnant women who have had their first visit at this centre before 20 weeks period of gestation were included and were classified into normal body mass index (BMI), overweight and obese. The rates of caesarean delivery, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), assisted reproductive techniques (ART) for conception and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admissions were studied.

Results: A total of 582 pregnant women were included in the study. The estimated prevalence of obesity was 29.3% (n=171) whereas 27.8% (n=162) were overweight. There was statistically significant association seen between obesity and caesarean delivery rates, HDP, NICU admission.

Conclusions: The results reveal high prevalence of obesity in pregnant women. There is a need for a comprehensive and clinically effective approach to tackle obesity.


Author Biography

Santosh S. Basarkod, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Junior Resident III

Obstetrics & Gynaecology


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Original Research Articles