Published: 2022-03-25

Feto maternal outcomes with mullerian anomalies

Swati Kohli, Arti Sharma, Swati Gupta, Neha Panwar, Aditi Agarwal, Parul Singh


Congenital anomalies of female reproductive tract may involve the uterus, cervix, or vagina arise from defect in development of Mullerian ducts during fetal life. In mullerian anomalies various types of uterine anomalies are common. Many cases with Mullerian anomalies remain unidentified especially if patient is asymptomatic. They are often associated with obstetric complications like malpresentation, PPROM and preterm delivery. Hence we are presenting a case series to summarize the fetomaternal outcomes with mullerian anomalies.


Fetomaternal outcomes, Mullerian anomalies, Malpresentations

Full Text:



The American Fertility Society classifications of adnexal adhesions, distal tubal obstruction, tubal occlusions secondary to tubal ligation, tubal pregnancies, Müllerian anomalies and intrauterine adhesions. FertilSteril. 1998;49:944-55.

Simón C, Martinez L, Pardo F, Tortajada M, Pellicer A. Müllerian defects in women with normal reproductive outcome. Fertil Steril. 1991;56:1192-3.

Chan YY, Jayaprakasan K, Tan A, Thornton JG, Coomarasamy A, Raine-Fenning NJ. Reproductive outcomes in women with congenital uterine anomalies: A systematic review. Ultrasound Obstet. Gynecol. 2011;38:371-82.

Venetis CA, Papadopoulos SP, Campo R, Gordts S, Tarlatzis BC, Grimbizis GF. Clinical implications of congenital uterine anomalies: A meta-analysis of comparative studies. Reprod. Biomed. Online. 2014;29:665-83.

Li S, Qayyum A, Coakley FV, Hricak H. Association of renal agenesis and mullerian duct anomalies. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2000;24(6):829-34.

Grimbizis GF, Camus M, Tarlatzis BC. Clinical implications of uterine malformations and hysteroscopic treatment results. Hum Reprod Update. 2001;7:161-74.

Raga F, Bauset C, Remohi J, Bonilla-Musoles F, Simon C, Pellicer A. Reproductive impact of congenital Mullerian anomalies. Human Reproduction. 1997;12(10):2277-81.

Shuiqing M, Xuming B, Jinghe L. Pregnancy and its outcome in women with malformed uterus. Chin. Med Sci J. 2002;17(4):242-5.

Acien P, Acien MI. The history of female genital tract malformation classifications and proposal of an updated system. Hum Reprod Update. 2011;17:693-705.

Zhang Y, Zhao YY, Qiao J. Obstetric outcome of women with uterine anomalies in China. Chin Med J (Engl). 2010;123:418-22.

Bocca S. Abuhamad A Use of 3-dimensional sonography to assess uterine anomalies. J Ultrasound Med. 2013;32:1-6.

Marten K, Vosshenrich R, Funke M. MRI Evaluation of müllerian duct anomalies. Clin Imaging. 2003;27:346-50.