Knowledge, attitude and practice of menstrual cup among female medical students in private medical college
Keywords:Awareness, Menstrual cup, Menstrual hygiene, Medical students
Background: Menstrual cups have been available for decades, but their use in India is limited because of the popularity of sanitary pads. Menstrual cups are a safe and feasible alternative to the more widely used sanitary napkins. Objective of this study was to assess menstrual cup awareness among the female medical college students.
Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted on 389 undergraduate female medical students, among which 355 students responded after consent. Data was collected through Google forms using pre-tested semi structured questionnaire. Collected data was transferred to Microsoft excel and was analysed using statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) version 21. Chi-square test was used to determine the association.
Results: Among the 355 female medical students, 215 (60%) of them belonged to upper middle class. 335 (94%) of them were unmarried. (282) 80% of the students had knowledge regarding menstrual cups, in which majority were aware of the material used to manufacture the cups. The cup was preferred by 100 (28%) and 54 (15%) of them used menstrual cups for its comfort, easiness to wear and less odor. Few of them had pain, dryness and rashes after the use of menstrual cup. Problem of leakage was encountered in 15-26%. There was significant association between income and usage of menstrual cup (p<0.05).
Conclusions: Menstrual cup is a cost-effective and eco-friendly alternative to tampons and sanitary napkins. Menstrual cup also appears to be a comfortable, safe and efficient option for menstrual hygiene. Due to the popularity and promotion of napkins, there is lack of awareness on menstrual cups. So, awareness programs must be conducted to enlighten the benefits on usage of menstrual cups, so as to promote menstrual health and hygiene.
Ballal S, Bhandary A. Menstrual cup: awareness among reproductive women. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol. 2020;9(4):1382-8.
Kaur R, Kaur K, Kaur R. Menstrual hygiene, management, and waste disposal: practices and challenges faced by girls/women of developing countries. J Env Public Health. 2018;1730964.
Bhor G, Ponkshe S. A Decentralized and Sustainable Solution to the Problems of Dumping Menstrual Waste into Landfills and Related Health Hazards in India. EJSD. 2018;7(3):334.
Shah C. Use of Flow Care Menstrual Cups over conventional menstrual products in India. Int J Adv Res Develop. 2017;2(8):78-82.
Van Eijk AM, Zulaika G, Lenchner M, Mason L, Sivakami M, Nyothach E, Unger H, Laserson K, Phillips-Howard PA. Menstrual cup use, leakage, acceptability, safety, and availability: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Public Health. 2019;4(8):e376-93.
Pena EF. Menstrual protection. Advantages of the menstrual cup. Obstet Gynecol. 1962;19(5):684-7.
Eti M, Shreya MS, Sailakshmi MP. Knowledge about menstrual cup and its usage among medical students. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol. 2019;8(12):4966-71.
Gharacheh M, Ranjbar F, Hajinasab N, Haghani S. Acceptability and safety of the menstrual cups among Iranian women: a cross-sectional study. BMC Women's Health. 2021;21(1):1-8.
Huang PT, Huang JH. Menstrual cup use intention and the moderating effects of sexual orientation and gender characteristic among female university students in Taiwan: a theory-driven exploration. Arch Sexual Behav. 2020;49(4):1355-66.
Howard C, Rose CL, Trouton K, Stamm H, Marentette D, Kirkpatrick N, Karalic S, Fernandez R, Paget J. FLOW (finding lasting options for women): multicentre randomized controlled trial comparing tampons with menstrual cups. Canad Fam Physician. 2011;57(6):e208-15.
Beksinska ME, Smit J, Greener R, Todd CS, Lee ML, Maphumulo V, Hoffmann V. Acceptability and performance of the menstrual cup in South Africa: a randomized crossover trial comparing the menstrual cup to tampons or sanitary pads. J Women's Health. 2015;24(2):151-8.
Madziyire MG, Magure TM, Madziwa CF. Menstrual cups as a menstrual management method for low socioeconomic status women and girls in Zimbabwe: a pilot study. Women's Reprod Health. 2018;5(1):59-65.
Kakani CR, Bhatt JK. Study of adaptability and efficacy of menstrual cup in managing menstrual health and hygiene. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol. 2017;6(7):3045-53.