Study of maternal and fetal outcome in corona positive pregnant women

Authors

  • Vinay Kumar Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, SMGS Hospital, GMC Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Anju Dogra Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, SMGS Hospital, GMC Jammu and Kashmir, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20223256

Keywords:

COVID- 19, Maternal, Neonatal, Preterm delivery, Pneumonia

Abstract

Background: COVID-19 has spread globally at an accelerated rate with rapid increase in cases and mortality. Viral pneumonia is one of the leading causes of pregnancy death worldwide. Physiological changes during pregnancy, such as reduced functional residual volumes, diaphragm elevation, and odema of respiratory tract mucosa, as well as changes in cell immunity can lead to increased susceptibility to viral infections and can have worsened outcomes.

Methods: The study was conducted at SMGS hospital, GMC Jammu. It was a retrospective. All the corona positive pregnant women admitted in our hospital over a period of 6 months from July 2020 to December 2020 were included in the study.

Results: A total of 92 covid positive women were admitted during this period. The study population consisted of 45 (48.91%) women from 20-25 years, 33 (35.86%) women from 26-30 years and 14 (15.2%) women from above 30 years. There was history of exposure among all (100%) pregnant women with only 8(8.7%) having symptoms of covid. Out of 92 patients, 11 patients were anaemic, 6 had preeclampsia, 4 had previous 2 LSCS, 11 had previous 1 LSCS, 3 had PROM, 12 patients had fetal distress at admission. As per gestation, 6 women had pre-term delivery and 8 had post-term delivery. 34 (36.95%) women were primigravida and 58 (63.04%) were multigravida. The mode of delivery was LSCS among 62 (67.39%) and normal delivery among 30 (32.6%) women. 29 babies were born with Apgar score 8/10, 3 babies with Apgar score 6/10 and 60 with Apgar score with 10/10.

Conclusions: In our study, there were no maternal and fetal complications among pregnant women with COVID-19.

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Published

2022-12-28

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Original Research Articles