Effects of autologous stem cell therapy for fertility enhancement among women with premature ovarian insufficiency

Authors

  • Jesmine Banu Department of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, BSMMU, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Nishat Jahan Department of Gynecology, Nabinagar Upazilla Health Complex, Brahmanbaria, Bangladesh
  • Shaheen A. Anwary Department of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, BSMMU, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Mostafa Tarique Department of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, BSMMU, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Itrat Aziz Department of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, BSMMU, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Nastaran Laskar Department of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, BSMMU, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • M. Rifat Hasan Department of Transfusion Medicine, BSMMU, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Chowdhury F. Alamgir Department of Urology, New Cross Hospital, The Royal Wolverhampton NHS Trust, United Kingdom
  • Maliha Darmini Department of Gynecology, New Cross Hospital, The Royal Wolverhampton NHS Trust, United Kingdom

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20230114

Keywords:

Autologous, Ovarian, Pregnancy, Fertility, Infertility, Stem-cell

Abstract

Background: Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a condition where the ovary loses its normal reproductive potential earlier than 40 years, compromising fertility. There is no treatment for POI, only ovum or embryo donation. Autologous stem cell ovarian transplant (ASCOT) may be a procedure that creates new eggs in the ovaries of women with POI. The aim of the study was to find out the efficacy of ASCOT in patients suffering from POI.

Methods: A total of 50 patients were included according to inclusion and exclusion criteria in this prospective observational study. POI was confirmed with low levels of anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) (<0.5 ng/dl), high level of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) >25 ng/ml, and or a low number of antral follicle count (AFC) (<3 in each ovary).

Results: Results showed that after stem cell therapy, mean AMH values increased by 0.48±0.306 and mean FSH values increased by 2.73±3.98 but the difference was not statistically significant. AFC values significantly decreased by 1.33±0.625 at 1st post-stem-cell cycle. During the second cycle, AMH and AFC increased by 0.110±0.051 and 4.63±1.49, respectively, and FSH decreased by 7.4±2.78. In third cycle, AMH & FSH was significantly increased by 0.820±0.44 & 4.120±0.470 and FSH has been decreased by 2.150±3.625. The increase in AMH & AFC was statistically significant, and the decrease in FSH was not statistically significant compared to baseline values.

Conclusions: The study showed that autologous stem cell therapy can have a significant effect on women’s ovarian function and fertility. It showed that ASCOT can increase AMH and AFC, and decrease FSH in patients with POI, with a total pregnancy rate of 4% after the third cycle follow-up.

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Published

2023-01-25

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Original Research Articles