Pregnancy and COVID-19: an update

Authors

  • Som Biswas Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Acharya Shri Nanesh Hospital, CBD Belapur, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20230559

Keywords:

COVID-19, Pregnancy, Hypertension, COVID-19 vaccines, Pre-eclampsia

Abstract

COVID-19 was identified in December 2019 in China. Previous research has suggested a potential link between COVID-19 and pre-eclampsia (PE). Therefore, it is crucial to comprehensively evaluate the clinical symptoms and laboratory results of these conditions. This narrative review was conducted in light of the limited understanding of how COVID-19 affects pregnant women and its association with pre-eclampsia. It is important to note that these two conditions may share similar features that can influence the outcome of pregnancy.

References

Sathiya R, Rajendran J, Sumathi S. COVID-19 and Preeclampsia: Overlapping Features in Pregnancy. Rambam Maimonides Med J. 2022;13(1):e0007.

Khalil A, Samara A, Chowdhury T, O'Brien P. Does COVID-19 cause pre-eclampsia? Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2022;59(2):146-52.

Shanes ED, Mithal LB, Otero S, Azad HA, Miller ES, Goldstein JA. Placental Pathology in COVID-19. Am J Clin Pathol. 2020;154(1):23-32.

Wu Z, McGoogan JM. Characteristics of and Important Lessons From the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak in China: Summary of a Report of 72 314 Cases From the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. JAMA. 2020;323(13):1239-42.

Rasmussen SA, Jamieson DJ, Macfarlane K, Cragan JD, Williams J, Henderson Z, et al. Pandemic influenza and pregnant women: summary of a meeting of experts. Am J Public Health. 2009;99(2):S248-54.

Villar J, Ariff S, Gunier RB, Thiruvengadam R, Rauch S, Kholin A, et al. Maternal and Neonatal Morbidity and Mortality Among Pregnant Women With and Without COVID-19 Infection: The INTERCOVID Multinational Cohort Study. JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(8):817-26.

Zhang C, Shi L, Wang FS. Liver injury in COVID-19: management and challenges. Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2020;5(5):428-30.

Rana S, Lemoine E, Granger JP, Karumanchi SA. Preeclampsia: Pathophysiology, Challenges, and Perspectives. Circ Res. 2019;124(7):1094-112.

Abbas AM, Ahmed OA, Shaltout AS. COVID-19 and maternal pre-eclampsia: A synopsis. Scand J Immunol. 2020;92(3):e12918.

Rezk M, Gamal A, Emara M. Maternal and fetal outcome in de novo preeclampsia in comparison to superimposed preeclampsia: a two-year observational study. Hypertens Pregnancy. 2015;34(2):137-44.

Torres J, Martinez-Portilla RJ, Espino-Y-Sosa S, Estrada-Gutierrez G, Solis-Paredes JM, Villafan-Bernal JR, et al. Comorbidity, poverty and social vulnerability as risk factors for mortality in pregnant women with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection: analysis of 13 062 positive pregnancies including 176 maternal deaths in Mexico. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2022;59(1):76-82.

Hirashima C, Ogoyama M, Abe M, Shiraishi S, Sugase T, Niki T, et al. Clinical usefulness of serum levels of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1/placental growth factor ratio to rule out preeclampsia in women with new-onset lupus nephritis during pregnancy. CEN Case Rep. 2019;8(2):95-100.

Sathiya R, Rajendran J, Sumathi S. COVID-19 and Preeclampsia: Overlapping Features in Pregnancy. Rambam Maimonides Med J. 2022;13(1):e0007.

Papageorghiou AT, Deruelle P, Gunier RB, Rauch S, García-May PK, Mhatre M, et al Preeclampsia and COVID-19: results from the INTERCOVID prospective longitudinal study. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2021;225(3):289.e1-289.e17.

Ma Y, Deng J, Liu Q, Du M, Liu M, Liu J. Effectiveness and Safety of COVID-19 Vaccine among Pregnant Women in Real-World Studies: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Vaccines (Basel). 2022;10(2):246.

Fu W, Sivajohan B, McClymont E, Albert A, Elwood C, Ogilvie G, et al. Systematic review of the safety, immunogenicity, and effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines in pregnant and lactating individuals and their infants. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2022;156(3):406-17.

Roberge RJ, Kim JH, Powell JB. N95 respirator use during advanced pregnancy. Am J Infect Control. 2014;42(10):1097-100.

Racelis S, Reyes VC, Sucaldito MN, Deveraturda I, Roca JB, Tayag E. Contact tracing the first Middle East respiratory syndrome case in the Philippines, February 2015. Western Pac Surveill Response J. 2015;6(3):3-7.

Park MH, Kim HR, Choi DH, Sung JH, Kim JH. Emergency cesarean section in an epidemic of the middle east respiratory syndrome: a case report. Korean J Anesthesiol. 2016;69(3):287-91.

Downloads

Published

2023-02-27

Issue

Section

Review Articles