Knowledge and attitude towards contraceptive use among Juang men: a particularly vulnerable tribal group in Odisha, India


  • Prasanna Kumar Mudi International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Manas Ranjan Pradhan International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India



Knowledge, Attitude, Contraception, Juang, PVTG


Background: Empirical evidence on knowledge and attitude toward contraception among particularly vulnerable tribal groups is rare in India. This study unearths the knowledge and attitude towards contraceptive methods among the Juang men, a PVTG in Odisha, India.

Methods: Data for the present study comes from a cross-sectional mixed-method study conducted in 2020-21, following a three-stage sampling design. The present analysis is based on the quantitative data of 100 men and the qualitative interviews (12 Focus group discussions and 12 Key informant interviews). The quantitative data were analyzed using Stata (V16), and we used NVivo (V12) to analyze the qualitative data. We calculated an attitude scale categorized into favorable, neutral, and unfavorable.

Results: Knowledge of contraceptive methods was found inadequate- 43% knew any modern spacing methods & 65% knew any modern limiting methods. About two-fifths (44%) of the men had a less favourable attitude towards contraception, 32% had a moderately favourable attitude, and 24% had a highly favourable attitude towards family planning. A higher percentage of educated men, exposed to mass media, do not consume alcohol and tobacco, and married after 18 years had a favourable attitude towards contraception. Qualitative data reveal that contraception was never perceived as an essential issue, and male involvement in family planning is culturally discouraging.

Conclusions: Contraceptive method knowledge is not universal among Juang men, and many have a negative attitude toward using family planning methods. Results indicate inadequate program outreach and suggest customized intervention for contraceptive knowledge and its benefits among Juang men.


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