Exploring the role of serum β-HCG levels in predicting hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: a prospective observational study
Keywords:Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, Maternal and fetal outcomes, Predictive tool, Serum β-HCG levels
Background: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy pose significant risks to maternal and fetal health, contributing to global morbidity and mortality. Despite extensive research, these disorders remain a public health concern, necessitating the identification and prediction of associated risks for effective prevention and management.
Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted in a hospital setting, involving 200 antenatal women visiting the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology for routine checkups over a six-month period. Sample size calculation was based on expected sensitivity and prevalence rates. Inclusion criteria were defined, and clinical examinations were performed on the participants.
Results: Higher serum β-HCG levels were significantly associated with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Low levels correlated with 12 out of 122 cases, while high levels correlated with 59 out of 78 cases. Two deaths were linked to hypertensive disorders. Age did not show a significant association, but variations were observed among religious groups.
Conclusions: This study concludes that higher serum β-HCG levels are significantly associated with the development of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Age did not show a significant association with these disorders, suggesting the involvement of other contributing factors. The findings provide valuable insights for clinical management and further research in this field, contributing to a better understanding of the etiology and predictors of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.
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