Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding HIV/AIDS among pregnant females attending the antenatal clinic: a study at Dr. S. N. Medical College in Jodhpur, India
Keywords:AIDS, HIV, Knowledge gap, Pregnant women
Background: AIDS, caused by HIV, is a global health threat that weakens the immune system and leads to life-threatening infections. India has been heavily affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic due to a lack of accurate information and prevention efforts. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is a significant factor in HIV spread. Knowledge of HIV status through voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) is crucial. Despite efforts, HIV/AIDS remains a major public health challenge in India.
Methods: A study at Dr. S.N. Medical College focused on pregnant women in the antenatal clinic. Using a questionnaire, data was collected from 100 participants on socio-demographics, HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, and practices.
Results: Most participants were aged 21-30, with 48 having 6-10 years of education. The majority identified as Hindu, and 89 were housewives. The study revealed gaps in HIV/AIDS knowledge, with many participants lacking awareness and having misconceptions. Stigma and fear were also prevalent, but recognition of abstinence as a preventive measure was observed.
Conclusions: Targeted interventions, education, and awareness campaigns are necessary to enhance knowledge, dispel misconceptions, and reduce HIV/AIDS stigma among pregnant women in antenatal clinics. Policies, programs, and preventive strategies should be developed to reduce HIV/AIDS incidence and prevalence. Future research should address knowledge gaps, promote understanding of HIV/AIDS, and focus on preventing mother-to-child transmission, ultimately working towards ending AIDS as a public health threat.
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