Maternal and perinatal outcome in Rh negative mothers

Authors

  • Mamta Sharma Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, J. K. Lone Hospital, Kota, Rajasthan, India
  • Kiran Raigar Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, J. K. Lone Hospital, Kota, Rajasthan, India
  • Jyoti Sisodiya Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, J. K. Lone Hospital, Kota, Rajasthan, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20233621

Keywords:

Erythroblastosis fetalis, Heterozygous, Hyperbilirubinemia, Isoimmunization

Abstract

Background: Incidence of Rh negativity in India is 5-10%. Rh negative pregnancy poses a risk only when there is incompatible mating, leading to antigen-antibody reaction, and hemolysis. However, it can be prevented by adequate measures.

Methods: This prospective observational study conducted at Government Medical College hospital and J.K. Lon hospital Kota 100 women with Rh negative blood group admitted for delivery were enrolled.

Results: Mean age of study participants was 26.87 years with SD of 3.62 years and the prevalence of Rh-negative pregnancy was around 2.9. Rhesus isoimmunization is a preventable cause of fetal morbidity and mortality.

Conclusions: Rhesus isoimmunization is a preventable cause of fetal morbidity and mortality. Routine antenatal screening and timely management with intrauterine transfusion are lifesaving method which should be incorporated in daily obstetrics practice.

References

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Published

2023-11-28

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Original Research Articles