Knowledge and awareness of cervical cancer prevention and HPV vaccination among medical and nursing students in a tertiary care hospital
Keywords:Cervical cancer, HPV vaccine, Knowledge, Medical and nursing students
Background: This study was done to assess the level of knowledge and awareness about cervical cancer and its prevention among medical and nursing students.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted during 2022 in a tertiary care hospital in Chennai. The study included 407 subjects; 224 medical students, and 183 nursing students and consent was obtained from each participant prior to the study. A questionnaire survey was used to assess their knowledge on cervical cancer and its prevention.
Results: Out of the 407 participants, 95.5% of the medical students and 30.6% of the nursing students knew that HPV virus causes cervical cancer. Medical students had more knowledge on risk factors. 84.38% of medical students and 43.72% of nursing students were aware that vaccine is available for the prevention of cervical cancer. Overall nursing students had limited knowledge on cervical cancer and its prevention. 51.79% of the medical students and 27.87% of the nursing students acquired their knowledge about HPV vaccine through social media. The uptake of HPV vaccine was very low among both medical and nursing students.
Conclusions: The results of our study demonstrate that there is a need for creating more awareness about cervical cancer and its prevention among medical and nursing students.
World Health Organization. Cervical cancer. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/cervical-cancer. Accessed on 2 July 2023.
ICO Information Centre on HPV and Cancer (Summary Report 2014.08.22). Human Papillomavirus and Related Diseases in India; 2014. Available from: https://hpvcentre.net/link_media/ methodologies.pdf. Accessed on 2 July 2023.
World Health Organization. Global strategy to accelerate the elimination of cervical cancer as a public health problem. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2020. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/336583/9789240014107-eng.pdf. Accessed on 2 July 2023.
Gupta P, Kaveeshwar M, Patil A. Awareness and knowledge of cervical cancer in medical and paramedical staff-an observational study. Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res. 2020;7(1):28-32.
Pandey D, Vanya V, Bhagat S, Vs B, Shetty J. Awareness and attitude towards human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among medical students in a premier medical school in India. PLoS One. 2012;7(7):e40619.
Alsous MM, Ali A, Al-Azzam S, Karasneh R, Amawi H. Knowledge about cervical cancer and awareness about human papillomavirus vaccination among medical students in Jordan. Peer J. 2021;9:e11611.
Radhika S, Najma RA, Bharadwaj I. Awareness of nursing students towards cancer and their comparison with medical students. Int J Res Med Sci. 2020;8:2542-6.
AbdAllah AAA, Hummeida ME, Elmula IMF. Awareness and attitudes of nursing students towards prevention of cervical cancer. J HPV Cervic Cancer. 2016:1:106.
Aswathy S, Quereshi MA, Kurian B, Leelamoni K. Cervical cancer screening: Current knowledge and practice among women in a rural population of Kerala, India. Indian J Med Res. 2012;136(2):205-10.
Ghotbi N, Anai A. Assessment of the knowledge and attitude of female students towards cervical cancer prevention at an international university in Japan. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2012;13(3):897-900.
Shetty S, Prabhu S, Shetty V, Shetty AK. Knowledge, attitudes and factors associated with acceptability of human papillomavirus vaccination among undergraduate medical, dental and nursing students in South India. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2019;15(7-8):1656-65.
Chawla PC, Chawla A, Chaudhary S. Knowledge, attitude and practice on human papillomavirus vaccination: a cross-sectional study among healthcare providers. Indian J Med Res. 2016;144(5):741-9.
Ganju SA, Gautam N, Barwal V, Walia S, Ganju S. Assessment of knowledge and attitude of medical and nursing students towards screening for cervical carcinoma and HPV vaccination in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4:4186-93.
Swarnapriya K, Kavitha D, Reddy GM. Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding hpv vaccination among medical and para medical in students, India a cross sectional study. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2015;16(18):8473-7.
Gismondi M, Augustine AM, Tahir Khokhar MAR, Khokhar HT, Twentyman KE, Florea ID, et al. Are medical students from across the world aware of cervical cancer, HPV infection and vaccination? A cross-sectional comparative study. J Cancer Educ. 2021;36(4):682-8.