Impact of sleep disturbance on maternal and foetal outcomes


  • Eva Aihun Mary Kharlyngdoh Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St John’s College of Nursing, Koramangala, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
  • Mary V. J. Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St John’s College of Nursing, Koramangala, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
  • N. Gayathiri Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St John’s College of Nursing, Koramangala, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
  • Jissy Paul E. Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St John’s College of Nursing, Koramangala, Bangalore, Karnataka, India



Pregnancy, Sleep initiation and maintenance of sleep, Sleep apnoea, Restless leg syndrome, Hormonal impacts, Maternal outcome, Foetal outcomes, Changes in pregnancy, Sleep positions


Sleep is a vital factor that regulates the physiology of the body in various aspects. During pregnancy, sleep problems are common. Sleep deprivation has been suggested by previous research to be associated with more adverse birth outcomes that impact both maternal and foetal outcomes. The purpose of this review is to analyse the current evidence regarding the effects of sleep deprivation during pregnancy. Quantitative studies were included and for this review, Google Scholar, PubMed and CINAHL were used to perform a literature search. A total of 38 articles were chosen for this review. Sleep deprivation may increase the risk of adverse birth outcomes in female residents due to long work hours. The initial approach to treating sleep disturbances during pregnancy is non-pharmacological. Sleep position is a major component that influences sleep quality and pregnancy outcome. Poor sleep hygiene during pregnancy can lead to a worsening of the mother, especially in the third trimester, which can have an impact on the outcome of the pregnancy. Maintaining good sleep hygiene is crucial. It has been proven by research that several non-pharmacological measures can enhance the circadian cycle. Further research with longitudinal study designs is required to examine the effect of sleep deprivation on adverse effects on the mother and foetus. Furthermore, additional research is needed to confirm the impact of sleep deprivation on the postpartum period.


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