Knowledge attitude and practices on prevention of anaemia among antenatal women
Keywords:Mortality, Morbidity, Anaemia, Pregnancy, Awareness
Background: Iron Deficiency Anaemia in pregnancy is associated with intra uterine growth retardation, pre term labour, low birth weight baby and it also increases maternal and perinatal mortality.
Methods: This KAP study was conducted for six months. All the pregnant women attending the outpatient department of Sri Manakula Vinayagar medical college and hospital, were provided with a predesigned questionnaire by the principal investigator. Data was collected after obtaining consent from 167 patients regarding their knowledge, attitude and practices towards anaemia.
Results: In our study we found that women with age more than 25 years, advanced gestational age, educated participants and women belonging to higher socio-economic status showed adequate knowledge about anemia and its complications.
Conclusions: Health Education plays an important role, in creating awareness among antenatal women and by implementing this into practice will help in prevention of anaemia.
Anaemia during pregnancy (maternal anemia). Available at: https://www.nhp.gov.in/disease/ gynaecology-and-obstetrics/anaemia-during-pregnancy-maternalanemia. Accessed on 20 February 2023.
National Family Health Survey. Available at: http://rchiips.org/nfhs/factsheet_nfhs4.shtml. Accessed on 20 February 2023.
Guidelines for control of iron deficiency anaemia. Available at: http://www.nhm.gov.in/images/pdf/ programmes/child-health/guidelines/Control-of-IronDeficiency-Anaemia.pdf. Accessed on 20 February 2023.
Alam AY, Qureshi AA, Adil MM, Ali H. Comparative study of knowledge, attitude and practices among antenatal care facilities utilizing and non-utilizing women. J Pak Med Assoc. 2005;55(2):53-6.
Dhaher EA. Descriptive study for pregnant women’s knowledge attitude and practices regarding iron deficiency anemia and iron supplements in the southern region of KSA. Asian J Clin Nutr. 2018;12: 21-33.
Khritish S, Kavita R. Literacy rate in India in 2022. Academicia J. 2022;12:87-93.
Alflah YM, Wahdan IH, Hasab AA, Tayel DI. Literacy rate in India. Int J Public Health Sci. 2017;6(3):213-20.
Alghamdi A. Education in India. Int J Health Sci Res. 2016;6(9):32-9.
Theng CE, Salihah ZN, Hayati Y. Knowledge and attitude on consumption of iron supplement among pregnant women in Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu. Malaysian App Biol. 2017;46:105-12.
Rizvi F. Impact of maternal education, and socioeconomic status on maternal nutritional knowledge and practices regarding iron rich foods and iron supplements. Ann Pak Inst Med Sci. 2012;8(2): 101-5.
Kalaivani K. Prevalence & consequences of anaemia in pregnancy. Indian J Med Res. 2009;130(5):627-33.