Study of demographic profile and causative factor in female infertility

Authors

  • Shivani Bhadkaria Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Baba Raghav Das Medical College, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Sakshi Srivastava Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Baba Raghav Das Medical College, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Kalpana Mishra Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Baba Raghav Das Medical College, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Vibha Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Baba Raghav Das Medical College, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20233641

Keywords:

Female infertility, Demographic profile, Causative factors, Management approaches, Pelvic inflammatory disease, Polycystic ovarian syndrome

Abstract

Background: Infertility is a global health concern affecting millions of couples worldwide, with a significant impact on physical health and societal disparities. This study investigates female infertility in a specific population in India.

Methods: The study, conducted at Nehru Hospital, BRD Medical College, Gorakhpur during September 2019 to August 2020 involved 150 infertile couples seeking conception assistance. Demographic profiles, causative factors, and management approaches were explored. Data were collected through medical histories, physical examinations, and various investigations.

Results: Of the infertile women, 57.33% experienced primary infertility, and 42.66% had secondary infertility, with the 26-30 age group being the most affected. A majority resided in rural areas (64.67%), followed Hinduism (87.33%), and 65.33% had at least a matriculation level of education. Most women were housewives (90%). Male partners exhibited addictive habits in 37.33% of cases. The study revealed the complexity of female infertility, with factors such as pelvic inflammatory disease, polycystic ovarian syndrome, myoma of the uterus, uterine anomalies, endometriosis, and tubal pathology playing crucial roles.

Conclusions: This study provides valuable insights into the multifaceted nature of female infertility. It highlights the importance of tailored diagnosis and treatment approaches to address specific causes. The findings challenge assumptions about the correlation between demographic factors, such as religion, education, and occupation, and infertility outcomes. Male factors, particularly addictive habits, are also significant contributors to infertility. Further research is needed to gain a broader understanding of infertility factors in diverse populations.

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Published

2023-11-28

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Original Research Articles