Study and analysis of cervical pap smears in our hospital

Authors

  • Suvidha Saurabh Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ESIC HCH, Bihta, Patna, Bihar, India
  • Sanjita Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ESIC HCH, Bihta, Patna, Bihar, India
  • Ismat Khanam Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ESIC HCH, Bihta, Patna, Bihar, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20233556

Keywords:

Carcinoma, Cervix, Pap smear, Ayer’s spatula, Bethesda, Pre malignant, Screening

Abstract

Background: Cervical cancer is one of the major causes of mortality among women worldwide. It has taken fourth place among malignancies that affect women, the first leading is breast cancer. In developing countries including India, it is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. It is readily preventable and can be diagnosed at the pre invasive stage with adequate and repetitive cytological screening and Papanicolaou smears.

Methods: This observational study was aimed to screen the patients attending gynae OPD of ESIMCH, Bihta. The main purpose was to study the incidence of premalignant and malignant lesions in population in and around ESICMCH, Bihta. A total of 100 patients attending gynaecology OPD of ESIC, Bihta were screened during a period of one year from October 2022 to September 2023. Pap smears are taken from women visiting gynaecological OPD between ages of 25 to 70 with different gynaecological complaints using Ayer’s spatula. Smears were reported according to Bethesda system 2001.

Results: A total of 200 pap smears were examined. There were 68 patients with NILM, and 67 patients with inflammatory smear. ASCUS was found in 12 patients, LSIL in 10 patients, HSIL in 7 and squamous cell carcinoma in 1 patient. This study concluded that a simple pap smear test could be offered to vast populations for diagnosing premalignant conditions of the survey this has and will in future continue to aid us with the early diagnosis of survival cancer.

Conclusions: PAP smear is useful in diagnosing malignant and premalignant lesions of the cervix. In developing countries such as India this screening method is cheap and can be widely used. It can be used by trainers and para medical staffs.

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Published

2023-11-21

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Original Research Articles