Diagnostic predicament of bilateral ovarian masses with rare and distinct histopathology


  • Ruchika Mohan Department of Radio-diagnosis, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, Delhi, India
  • Aanchal Bhayana Department of Radio-diagnosis, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, Delhi, India
  • Neha Bagri Department of Radio-diagnosis, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, Delhi, India
  • Ritu Misra Department of Radio-diagnosis, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, Delhi, India




Xanthogranulomatous oophoritis, Ovarian mass, Fibrothecoma, Histopathology


Xanthogranulomatous oophoritis is a rare, peculiar, non-neoplastic, chronic inflammatory pathology that can mimic ovarian mass. Affected organ shows replacement of normal tissue with foamy histiocytes, multinucleate giant cells, neutrophils, fibroblasts, plasma cells and areas of necrosis within. Its aetiology is still unknown, and the final diagnosis is usually made through histopathological examination. The present case report describes an unusual presentation of simultaneous occurrence of Xanthogranulomatous oophoritis and fibrothecoma masquerading as bilateral tubo-ovarian masses in a post-menopausal female. Despite initial assumptions and suspicions of tubo-ovarian abscesses, surgical exploration revealed an unexpected pathology. Histopathological evaluation confirmed the diagnosis, emphasising the importance of vigilant and comprehensive assessment in atypical presentations.


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