Determining the rate of mother-to-child human immunodeficiency virus transmission among pregnant women in An Giang province

Authors

  • Quang Hien Tran Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, An Giang Women and Children’s Hospital, An Giang, Vietnam

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20241615

Keywords:

HIV, Pregnancy, An Giang

Abstract

Background: Determining the rate of pregnant women infected with human immunodeficiency (HIV) is one of the important factors for planning HIV prevention policies. This study aims to determine the rate of HIV infection among pregnant women in An Giang province in 2010.

Methods: This is an epidemiological investigation study with analysis. The subjects are all pregnant women who are from An Giang and reside in An Giang province. They came for prenatal check-ups and gave birth at all medical facilities in communes, districts, and the province of An Giang from 01 January 2010 to 31 December 2010.

Results: The rate of pregnant women infected with HIV in An Giang province is 0.29%, which is at an average level compared to the whole country. The occupation of pregnant women is related to HIV infection; compared to the occupation of civil servants, the occupation of trading has an 18.7 times higher risk of HIV infection (RR=18.7, p<0.01); the occupation of laborer has a 13 times higher risk (p<0.05); the occupation of farmer has a 6.3 times higher risk (p<0.05); the occupation of Housewife has a 4 times higher risk (p<0.05).

Conclusions: The rate of pregnant women infected with HIV in An Giang province in 2010 was 0.29%. The occupational factor of pregnant women shows a correlation with HIV infection.

References

UNAIDS. HIV estimates with uncertainty bounds 1990-present. 2023. Available at: https://www.unaids. org/en/resources/documents/2023/HIV_estimates_with_uncertainty_bounds_1990-present. Accessed on 31 Aug 2023.

Belachew A, Tewabe T, Malede GA. Prevalence of vertical HIV infection and its risk factors among HIV exposed infants in East Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Trop Med Health. 2020;48:85.

Zijenah LS, Bandason T, Bara W, Chipiti MM, Katzenstein DA. Mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 and infant mortality in the first six months of life, in the era of Option B Plus combination antiretroviral therapy. Int J Infect Dis. 2021;109:92-8.

Prasad R, Jaiswal A, Prasad R, Wanjari MB, Sharma DR. The Vital Role of Public Health Nurses in Perinatal HIV Prevention and Elimination. Cureus. 2023;15(5):e38704.

Yeshaneh A, Abebe H, Tafese FE, Workineh A. Knowledge, attitude, and practice towards prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV among antenatal care attendees in Ethiopia, 2020. PLoS One. 2023;18(2):e0277178.

Nguyen TA, Oosterhoff P, Hardon A, Tran HN, Coutinho RA, Wright P. A hidden HIV epidemic among women in Vietnam. BMC Public Health. 2008;8:37.

Khuu VN, Nguyen VT, Hills NK, Hau TP, Nguyen DP, Nhung VT, et al. Factors Associated with Receiving Late HIV Testing Among Women Delivering at Hung Vuong Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, 2014. AIDS Behav. 2018;22(2):629-36.

Phillips TK, Teasdale CA, Geller A, Ng'eno B, Mogoba P, Modi S, et al. Approaches to transitioning women into and out of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV services for continued ART: a systematic review. J Int AIDS Soc. 2021;24(1):e25633.

Teasdale CA, Marais BJ, Abrams EJ. HIV: prevention of mother-to-child transmission. BMJ Clin Evid. 2011;2011.

Hoang CD, Tran BX, Pham MD, Nguyen LH, Do HN, Vuong QH, et al. HIV- and AIDS-related knowledge and attitude of residents in border regions of Vietnam. Harm Reduct J. 2019;16(1):11.

Osorio D, Munyangaju I, Nacarapa E, Muhiwa A, Nhangave AV, Ramos JM. Mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection and its associated factors in the district of Bilene, Gaza Province-Mozambique. PLoS One. 2021;16(12):e0260941.

Worku WZ, Azale T, Ayele TA, Mekonnen DK. HIV is still a major public health problem among pregnant women attending ANC in Referral Hospitals of the Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia: a cross sectional study. BMC Women's Health. 2022;22(1):468.

Mutabazi JC, Gray C, Muhwava L, Trottier H, Ware LJ, Norris S, et al. Integrating the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV into primary healthcare services after AIDS denialism in South Africa: perspectives of experts and health care workers - a qualitative study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2020;20(1):582.

Perez F, Mukotekwa T, Miller A, Orne-Gliemann J, Glenshaw M, Chitsike I, et al. Implementing a rural programme of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Zimbabwe: first 18 months of experience. Trop Med Int Health. 2004;9(7):774-83.

Perez F, Orne-Gliemann J, Mukotekwa T, Miller A, Glenshaw M, Mahomva A, et al. Prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV: evaluation of a pilot programme in a district hospital in rural Zimbabwe. BMJ. 2004;329(7475):1147-50.

Cambrea SC, Marcu EA, Cucli E, Badiu D, Penciu R, Petcu CL, et al. Clinical and Biological Risk Factors Associated with Increased Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in Two South-East HIV-AIDS Regional Centers in Romania. Medicina (Kaunas). 2022;58(2).

Alemu A, Molla W, Yinges K, Mihret MS. Correction to: Determinants of HIV infection among children born to HIV positive mothers on prevention of mother to child transmission program at referral hospitals in West Amhara, Ethiopia; case control study. Ital J Pediatr. 2022;48(1):34.

Alemu A, Molla W, Yinges K, Mihret MS. Determinants of HIV infection among children born to HIV positive mothers on prevention of mother to child transmission program at referral hospitals in west Amhara, Ethiopia; case control study. Ital J Pediatr. 2022;48(1):17.

Hussen R, Zenebe WA, Mamo TT, Shaka MF. Determinants of HIV infection among children born from mothers on prevention of mother to child transmission programme of HIV in southern Ethiopia: a case-control study. BMJ Open. 2022;12(2):e048491.

Lampejo T. Toxoplasma gondii infection in HIV-infected pregnant women: epidemiology and risks of mother-to-child transmission. Pan Afr Med J. 2022;42:275.

Downloads

Published

2024-06-14

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles