A study to assess contraceptive use among married women in urban and rural areas: a comparative study


  • Sushma Gore Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Shri Vasantrao Naik Government Medical College, Yavatmal, Maharashtra, India
  • Sushma Katkuri Department of Community Medicine, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India




Awareness, Contraception, Rural, Urban


Background: A high level of unmet need for contraception persists among currently married women in South Asia. At least 1 in 5 currently married women in the countries surveyed want to stop or delay childbearing, but are not using contraception. Therefore, many countries consider limiting population growth as an important component of their overall developmental goal to improve living standards and the quality of life of the people. The aim of the study was to assess knowledge, attitude and practices about contraceptive methods among married women in two different settings.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the outpatient department of obstetrics and gynecology at Shri Vasantrao Naik Government Medical College Yavatmal, Maharashtra for a period of two months from January 2012-February 2012. A total of 606 participants were surveyed in that two month duration. In Urban area-296 and in rural area, a total of 310 were covered.

Results: Majority of the study participants were in the age group of 26-35 contributing to 46% in rural area and 37% in urban area. Awareness about contraception was good among rural area (83%) than urban area (63%). Study shows that more than 50% of the participants in both the areas were using contraceptive methods, rural (63%) and urban (53%).

Conclusions: Promotion of contraceptive usage should be done by intense awareness campaigns.


National Family Welfare Programme. Available at: http://pbhealth.gov.in/pdf/FW.pdf. Accesssed on 12 November 2014.

Levine R, Langer A, Birdsall N, Matheny G, Wright M, Bayer A. Contraception. In: Jamison DT, Bremen, JG, Measham AR, et al., eds. Disease Control. Priorities in Developing Countries. New York: Oxford University Press; 2006:1075-1090.

Fertility regulation behaviors and their costs: contraception and unintended pregnancies in Africa and Eastern Europe and Central Asia. HNP Publication, World Bank: Washington DC, USA. December 2007. Available at: http:// siteresources.worldbank.org/HEALTHNUTRITIONANDPOPULATION/Resources/2816271095698140167/ FertilityRegulationsFinal.pdf. Accessed on 12 November 2014.

Choudhury RH. Unmet need for contraception in South Asia: Levels, trends and determinants. Asia Pacific Population J. 2001;16(3):1-88.

Al YK. Knowledge, attitude and practice of husbands towards modern family planning in Yemen 2007. Thesis for Master of Science (Family Health) May 2007.

Singh S, Darroch JE, Adding It up: costs and benefits sexual and health New York: Alan Guttmacher Institute,2012. Available at: www.guttmacher. org/pubs/addingitup.pdf. Accessed on 12 November 2014.

Collumbien M, Gerressu M, Cleland J. Non-use and use of ineffective methods of contraception. comparative quantification of health risks: global and regional burden of disease attributable to selected major risk factors. Geneva: WHO 2004:1255-1320.

Olugbenga BAI, Abodunrin OL, Adeomi AA. Contraceptive practices among women in rural communities in south-western Nigeria. Global J Med Sci. 2011;11(2):1-8.

Sonam ZS, Melita S, Asha N. Knowledge, attitude, practice and preferences of contraceptive methods in Udupi District, Karnataka. J Family Reprod Health. 2013;7(3):115-20.

Lwelamira J, Mnyamagola G, Msaki MM. Knowledge, attitude and practice (kap) towards modern contraceptives among married women of reproductive age in Mpwapwa District, Central Tanzania. Cur Res J Soc Sci. 2012;4(3):235-45.

Lakshmi MM, Neetha, Rai S. Contraceptive practices among reproductive age group of women in Justice K. S. Hegde Medical College Hospital, Mangalore. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol. 2013;2(1):39-46.

Mustafa R, Afreen U, Hashmi HA. Contraceptive knowledge, attitude and practice among rural women. J College Physicians Surgeons Pak. 2008;18(9):542-45.

Prateek SS, Saurabh RS. Contraceptive practices adopted by women attending an urban health centre. African Health Sci. 2012;12(4);416-21.

Kiran GM, Padhyegurjar M, Shekhar BP, Kulkarni RN. Study of contraceptive use among married women in a slum in Mumbai. National J Commu Med. 2012;3(1):40-3.






Original Research Articles