Abnormalities in semen analysis among male partners of infertile couples: a study in a tertiary care level hospital of West Bengal, India

Nandini Bhaduri (Bhattacharyya), Aditya Prasad Sarkar, Nikhilesh Dewasi, Tapan Kumar Ghosh

Abstract


Background: The prevalence of infertility in the general population is 15%-20%. Of this, the male factor is responsible for 20%-40%.Analysis of semen is the most important diagnostic tool for evaluation of role of males in infertility. The study was conducted to determine the abnormalities in semen among male partners in infertile couples.

Methods: A descriptive study with cross-sectional design among male partners of infertile couples was conducted in the laboratory of the Department of Pathology at Burdwan Medical College, Burdwan in West Bengal during August 2011 to July 2012. Analysis of semen was done for semen volume, sperm number, sperm motility and presence of other cells.

Results: 7.45% samples were of inadequate quantity. 19.87 % of cases had oligozoospermia, 12.42% had azoospermia and 4.35% of males had asthenozoospermia. Pus cells were found in 12.42% cases.

Conclusions: Majority of the cases of infertility in males is due to oligozoospermia followed by azoospermia while less sperm motility or less amount of semen are also responsible in some cases.


Keywords


Semen analysis, Male infertility, Tertiary care hospital

Full Text:

PDF

References


Zegers-Hochschild F, Adamson GD, de Mouzon J, Ishihara O, Mansour R, Nygren K, et al. ICMART and WHO international committee for monitoring assisted reproductive technology (ICMART) and the World Health Organization (WHO) revised glossary of ART terminology, 2009. Fertil Steril. 2009 Nov;92(5):1520-4.

Sigman M, Lipshultz LI, Howards SS. Evaluation of the subfertile male. In: Lipshultz LI, Howards SS eds. Infertility in the Male. 4th ed. St. Louis, Missouri: Mosby-Year Book; 1997: 173.

Zargar AH, Wani AI, Masoodi SR, Laway BA, Salahuddin M. Epidemiologic and etiologic aspects of primary infertility in the Kashmir region of India. Fertil Steril. 1997;68:637-43.

WHO. WHO laboratory manual for the examination and processing of semen. In: WHO, eds. WHO Manual. 5th ed. Geneva: WHO; 2010.

Marimuthu P, Kapilashrami MC, Misro MM, Singh G. Evaluation of trend in semen analysis for 11 years in subjects attending a fertility clinic in India. Asian J Androl. 2003;5:221-5.

Adiga SK, Jayraman V, Kalthur G, Upadhya D, Kumar P. Declining semen quality among south Indian infertile males- a retrospective study. J Hum Repro Sci. 2008;1:15-8.

Joshi P, Gopal N, Bhat V. Study of semen analysis patterns in infertile males. Int J Pharm Bio Sci. 2011 Jan-Mar;1(1):44-9.

Jajoo S, Kalyani KR. Prevalence of abnormal semen analysis in patients of infertility at a rural setup in Central India. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol. 2013 Jun;2(2):161-4.

Onyeka CA, Ashiru OA, Duru FI, Olorunfemi OJ, Fabunmi OO, Oluwatuyi TS. Semen analysis of 263 sample men from infertility clinic in western Nigeria. West Afr J Assist Reprod. 2012;2(1):1-16.

Anwary SA, Alfazzaman M, Islam MR. Male sub-fertile patients in a tertiary hospital. Mymensingh Med J. 2011 Jan;20(1):33-9.

Akinola OI, Fabamwo AO, Rabiu KA, Akinoso OA. Semen quality in male partners of infertile couples in Laos Nigeria. Int J Trop Med. 2010;5(2):37-9.

Adenzi RA, Olayemi O, Okunola MA, Aimakhu CO. Pattern of semen analysis of male partners of infertile couples at the university college hospital, Ibadan West Afr J Med. 2003 Sep;22(3):243-5.