An analytical cross-sectional study of peer pressure on adolescents

Anisha Khan, Manisha Jain, Chhaya Budhwani


Background: Friendships constitute an integral part of adolescent growth and development. As the teens explore their identity towards functional independence, teen peer relationship acquires an important role. Contrary to prevailing beliefs, peer pressure can have both a positive and negative impact on youths.  

Methods: A school based cross sectional study carried out on adolescents falling between the age group of 11 to 19 years using a pre-designed written questionnaire. The data obtained were analyzed using descriptive analytical methods.  

Results: The mean age for all was 17 years (Range 15-19 years). Adolescents preferred long term friendships (52%), opposite gender (66%) and similar socioeconomic status (43%) while making friendships. Majority admitted to have good quality time spent with parents (81%) and parents as the most influential persons in their lives (85%). While, teen peer relationship  can result in  improvement in academic performance (96%), skill and personality development (96%) it can also have negative influences like alcohol intake (52%), cigarette smoking (55%) and other misconducts (55%).

Conclusions: Though, it may appear that teens are all influenced by their peers, parents continue to be the most influential persons in their lives. Peer friendships although thought of as all negative impact, can also have a  positive effect on youth development. 


Adolescent, Peer pressure

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