DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20150733

Awareness about PCPNDT act among undergraduate students of a medical college in Puducherry

Lal Bahadur Palo, Neelima Singh Chauhan, T. Parvathi, Ramesh Chand Chauhan

Abstract


Background: Sex selective abortions have become a significant social phenomenon in contemporary India. In order to curb sex selective abortions, the Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PNDT) Act was passed in the year 1994.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted by the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Puducherry among 75 medical under-graduate students. A semi-structured, pre-designed questionnaire was used to collect the information on their knowledge, attitude and perception regarding gender discrimination and prenatal sex determination act.

Results: Only 34 (45.3%) students were correctly aware of the prevailing sex ratio in India. Most common source of information for awareness was internet (44.1%), followed by newspaper (41.1%), and family/friends (14.7%). Majority (74.7%) of the students were aware of the PCPNDT Act. Awareness about PCPNDT Act among female students (85.4%) was higher as compared to male students (61.8%). Only half of the students (56.0%) correctly reported about the punishment for sex determination and implication of feticide (fine and imprisonment both).

Conclusions: Awareness regarding the altered sex ratio and the PCPNDT Act was poor among medical undergraduates. In order to combat the poor awareness regular workshops and continuing medical education sessions (CMEs) should be conducted.


Keywords


Sex ratio in India, Sex selective abortions, PCPNDT Act

Full Text:

PDF

References


Vishwanath LS. Efforts of Colonial State to Suppress Female Infanticide: Use of Sacred Texts, Generation of Knowledge. Economic and Political Weekly. 1998;33(19):1104-1112.

C. Myers. Sex selective abortions in India. Global Tides. 2012;6(1):1-19.

Ratha CK, Mahapatra SK. India’s Missing Daughters: An Ominous Sign for Democracy. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 2014;5(13):467-76.

Shinde AS, Lokhande T, Muluk AD. A Geographical Study of Spatial Variation in Rural-Urban Sex ratio in Solapur District of Maharashtra, International Interdisciplinary Research Journal. 2014;4(2):262-68.

Saravanan S. Female infanticide in India: a review of literature. Soc Change. 2002;32:58–66.

Ministry of Home Affairs, India. Census of India 2011. New Delhi: Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner; 2011 Online. Available at:http://censusindia.gov.in/2011.

Annual report on implementation of the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act, 2005, PNDT Division Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Government of India ,New Delhi, April 10, 2015.

Sunderlal, Textbook of Community Medicine, CBS Publisher, Third edition.

www.pondi.edu.in/academic/syllabus/course and syllabus/medical courses/ MBBS, August 11, 2015.

Avachat S, Raut P, Zambare M, Gund D, Pundkar R. Perspectives of medical interns regarding female feticide and declining sex ratio in India. N Am J Med Sci. 2013;5(8):469-72.

Sidhu TK, Kumar S, Kaur PA. Study of knowledge and attitude of medical undergraduate students regarding prenatal sex determination and female feticide. Indian J Matern Child Health. 2011;13:2-6.

Patil S, Singh V, Chavan S, Gadkari M. Knowledge and attitude regarding PCPNDT act among medical undergraduates: a study conducted in teaching institute Mumbai. Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Science. 2014:4(2);83-85.

Singh AK, Singh K, Verma A. Study of medico-legal case management in tertiary care hospital. J Indian Acad Forensic Med. 2011;33:337-42.

Nath A, Sharma N, Knowledge and attitudes of medical students and interns with regard to female feticide, Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2009;34:164.