The rate and indications of caesarean section in a tertiary care hospital at Jaipur, India
Keywords:Caesarean section, Caesarean rates, Indications of CS
Background: Caesarean section is one of the most widely performed surgical procedures in obstetrics worldwide. It was mainly evolved as a lifesaving procedure for mother and foetus during the difficult delivery. To analyze the rate and indications for C-Section and associated maternal morbidity and mortality were the main objectives of present study.
Methods: This retrospective study was conducted over a period of one year from 1st Jan 2016 to 31st Dec 2016 at the Department of OBG, RUHS College of Medical Sciences, Jaipur (Rajasthan), North India. Data of patients who delivered by C-Section in our hospital during the defined study period was recorded and a statistical analysis of various parameters namely, the caesarean section rates, its indications, the patient’s morbidity and mortality was done.
Results: The total numbers of women delivered over the study period were 2959, out of which C-Sections were 931. The overall CS rate was 31.46%. Previous LSCS was the leading indication to the CS rate (36.52%) followed by arrest of labour (13.65%), CPD (12.03%), foetal distress (11.82%), breech presentation (7.52%), oligohydroamnios/IUGR (5.16%) and failed induction of labour (3.54%). 11.60% patients had various complications mainly infection (5.58%) and haemorrhage (3.98%). There was no mortality during this period.
Conclusions: Being a tertiary care hospital, a high rate of Caesarean deliveries was observed. Individualization of the indication and careful evaluation, following standardized guidelines, practice of evidenced-based obstetrics and audits in the institution, can help us limit CSR.
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