DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20171561

Placenta praevia in Najran University hospital: incidence and risk factors

Sana B. Mustafa, Abdulhadi M. Elbashir, Adil Y. Waddad, Abdelrahman M. A. Ibrahim

Abstract


Background: Placenta praevia is a source of drastic pregnancy, fetal and neonatal complications. There was variable incidence in the literature in different parts of the world and within the same country regions. We carried out this study to find the impact in our area and the possible risk factors for this serious obstetric problem.

Methods: This study is a cross-sectional descriptive, one-year retrospective one-year prospective study, carried out from April 2014 to April 2016. All pregnant women attended the antenatal care clinic in Najran University Hospital during the study period, were included.

Results: The incidence of placenta praevia was found to be 2.7%. AMONG the study group, the most affected age group was between 20-29 years. Previous placenta praevia and previous caesarean  section were the significant risk factors P=0.00 and 0,017 repectively.

Conclusions: The incidence of placenta praevia in Najran KSA in this study was high, compared to other regions in Saudi Arabia and the majority of the international figures. Caesarean section and previous placenta praevia were the significant risk factors for placenta praevia in this study.


Keywords


Incidence, Najran, Placenta praevia, Risk

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