DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20163827

Contraception at extremes of ages, adolescents and special situations

Ruchira Nautiyal, Priyanka Goyal

Abstract


Contraception is designed to prevent pregnancy. Selection of contraceptive depends on many factors including a woman’s overall health, age, frequency of sexual activity, number of sexual partners, desire to have children in future, and family history of certain diseases. Hence, planning of pregnancy is of utmost importance to the woman who has in addition a high risk factor. Pregnancy may worsen the preexisting disease or medicines taken for it and vice versa. Therefore, preplanned pregnancy is required with adequate control of high risk factor to ensure optimal pregnancy outcome.


Keywords


Contraception, High risk cases, Pregnancy

Full Text:

PDF

References


WHO. Medical eligibility criteria for contraceptive use Fifth edition 2015. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/172915/1/WHO_RHR_15.07_eng.pdf. Accessed on Sept 15, 2016.

Chaudhuri SK. Practice of fertility control. A comprehensive manual. Reed Elsevier India Pvt. Ltd: New Delhi. 2012; 7th ed. pp.285.

Committee on Adolescent Health Care. ACOG Committee Opinion no. 598: The initial reproductive health visit. Obstet Gynecol. 2014;123(5):1143-7.

Ford C, English A, Sigman G. Confidential healthcare for Adolescents: position paper for the society for adolescent medicine. J Adolesc Health. 2004;35(2):160-7.

Workowski KA, Bolan GA. Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, 2015. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2015;64(RR-03):1-137.

Committee on adolescent Health Care, Committee on Gynecologic Practice. Committee Opinion NO. 582: addressing health risks of noncoital sexual activity. Obstet Gynecol. 2013;122(6):1378-82.

Deokar AM, Jackson W, Omar HA. Menstrual bleeding patterns in adolescents using etonogestrel (ENG) implant. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2011;23(1):75-7.

Wu JP, Pickle S. Extended use of the intrauterine device: a literature review and recommendations for clinical practice. Contraception. 2014;89(6):495-503.

Turok DK, Godfrey EM, Wojdyla D. Copper T380 intrauterine device for emergency contraception: highly effective at any time in the menstrual cycle. Hum Reprod. 2013;28(10):2672-6.