Role of hysterolaparoscopy for the evaluation of primary infertility: An experience from a tertiary care hospital

Benudhar Pande, Santosh Kumar Dora, Sharmila Pradhan, Bhawana Tiwary


Background: Infertility is one of the most common problem for which couple seeks medical attention. The main objective of the study was to assess the role of diagnostic hysterolaparoscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of primary infertility patients.

Methods: For this retrospective study, patient with the diagnosis of primary infertility were recruited. Patients admitted between the periods 2014 to 2016 were included. Pertinent data related to infertility were collected from the case records and entered in predesigned performa.

Results: Patients with primary infertility 246 (82%) diagnosed to have pelvic pathology. The most common cause of infertility was ovarian 122 (36.63%), Uterine 66 (19.82%), tubal 84 (25.22%) and unexplained infertility in 103 (30.93%) women. Patients with PCOS 76 (22.82%) and endometriosis 46 (13.81%) treated with drilling and endometriotic cystectomy. In 32 (9.60%) of patients hysteroscopic cannulation was done. For distal tubal blockage fimbrioplasty was performed in 38 (11.41%) of women. Pelvic adhesions diagnosed in 26 (7.80%) women. patients diagnosed with uterine septum 42 (12.61%) required hysteroscopic septal resection. During the evaluation of infertility 70 (21%) of women diagnosed to have incidental pelvic pathology treated according to pathology.

Conclusions: Hysterolaparoscopy is emerging as a valuable technique for complete assessment of female infertility and also helps in treatment according to the cause.


Hysteroscopy, Laparoscopy, Primary infertility

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