Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios: study from a tertiary care hospital, Ahmedabad, India

Runoo Ghosh, Heena Oza, Bhakti Padhiyar


Background: Most severe and frequent complication of pregnancy is Oligohydramnios and the incidence of this is observed to be about 1-5 % of total pregnancies. Objective of present study was to find the maternal and perinatal outcome, etiology associated with oligohydramnios at tertiary care hospital.

Methods: This prospective study was done among 55 patients with gestational age from 30-40wks with Oligohydramnios AFI<5cms with intact membranes were analysed for perinatal outcomes admitted at department of obstetrics and Gynecology in B.J. Medical college, Ahmedabad during July 2008 to July 2010.

Results: 65.5% participants were belonged to 20 to 25 age group and 35.5% participants were Primigravida. Mean age was 23.9±3.3 years and mean gestation age was 36.9 week. Almost 72.2% were in 34 to 37 weeks of gestational age. Study found FMC <10 in 56.4% of participants. Forty percent participants have AFI 4 and 27.3% have AFI 5.  47.3% delivery was done by vaginal route. 5.5% baby was still birth and prematurity were the most common cause of still birth. Around 71% babies were low birth weight and congenital anomalies were present in 7.3% babies. APGAR score measured <7 at 1 minute was in 65.4% and <7 at 5 minutes was in 43.6% babies.

Conclusions: Oligohydramnios in obstetrics is a frequent occurrence and it points towards intensive surveillance and proper ante-natal and post-natal care. Due to high perinatal morbidity and mortality, the incidence of LSCS increases. However, vaginal delivery has similar outcome, but strict vigilance in labor is mandatory.


AFI, LSCS, Oligohydramnios, Maternal outcome, Perinatal outcome

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