Obstetrical outcome in women with congenital uterine anomalies
Keywords:Congenital uterine anomalies, Malpresentation, Preterm birth, Small for gestational age babies
Background: Congenital uterine anomalies are associated with higher incidence of reproductive failure and adverse obstetrical outcomes. The association of congenital anomalies and early pregnancy loss has been well established but its adverse effect on late pregnancy in from of malpresentation, preterm deliveries has not yet been elaborated. Thus, this study aims to summarize the clinical characteristics and perinatal outcome of pregnancy in women with congenital uterine anomalies.
Methods: This is a retrospective study evaluating the obstetric outcomes of 32 patients with congenital abnormalities.
Results: Among 32 women with uterine anomalies 6 delivered preterm, 16 malpresentations were seen (50%).Infants born to mothers having congenital uterine anomalies were of lower birth weight. Therefore, it can be concluded the women with congenital uterine anomalies had a higher risk of malpresentation and preterm deliveries. They also had a higher incidence of small for gestational age neonates.
Conclusions: Presence of congenital uterine anomalies has adverse effect on obstetrical outcome. This knowledge warrants the need for a larger case control study to extrapolate these findings to the general population and also to recommend the need for universal Prenatal Screening for uterine anomalies so as to improve the obstetrical outcome in patients with uterine anomalies.
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