DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20174052

Placental cord blood drainage after vaginal delivery as part of the management of third stage of labour: a systematic review of randomized controlled clinical trial

S. A. Meena, D. S. Bebincy, Devika .

Abstract


Background: Present study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of placental cord blood drainage after vaginal delivery in reducing the duration and blood loss during third stage of labour in Primi/Multigravida (up to G3) between the age group of 18-35 years, with term, singleton alive pregnancy with vertex presentation, adequate liqour, with average size (estimated foetal weight 2-4Kg) fetus, without any complications, expected to spontaneous vaginal delivery.

Methods: It is a randomized clinical controlled trial on 400 pregnant women admitted in labour ward at KGMCH, Asaripallam, Kanyakumari district between January 2015 to December 2015. All women enrolled were subjected to history taking general and obstetric examination. In the study group, placental end of the previously clamped and cut umbilical cord was unclamped immediately after vaginal delivery, while remaining clamped in the control group.

Results: Duration of third stage of labour blood loss during third stage postpartum hemorrhage and need for blood transfusion haemoglobin difference between antenatal and postnatal period was significantly reduced in the study group than control group.

Conclusions: Placental Cord blood drainage is simple, safe, non-invasive method which reduces the duration and blood loss of third stage of Labour.

 


Keywords


Placental cord blood drainage, Post-partum haemorrhage, Third stage of labour

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