Indications and rate of caesarean delivery at tertiary care hospital: a retrospective study

Reena Sharma, Poojan Dogra


Background: Worldwide there has been an increase in the rate of caesarean delivery due to multiple factors. Objective of the study was to assess the prevalence and different indications of caesarean section in this institute.

Methods: The aim of the study is to analyse the rates and indications of lower segment caesarean section (LSCS) in our institution. We conducted a retrospective study over a period of six months; 1st September 2016 to 1st March 2017 at SLBSGMC Mandi at Nerchowk. Total number of patients who delivered in our hospital during the defined study period was recorded and a statistical analysis of various parameters was done.

Results: The total number of women delivered over the study period was 2075, out of which caesarean sections (CS) were 473. The overall CS rate calculated was 22.8%. Previous LSCS was the leading indication to the CS rate.

Conclusions: Routine obstetric audits should be done to analyse the various indications of emergency and elective caesarean sections so that protocols and guidelines can be implemented to curtail the increasing trend of caesarean delivery.


Caesarean section, Indications of CS, Previous LSCS

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