Study of breastfeeding practices and problems among postnatal mothers: a hospital based study


  • Pooja J. Mise Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gulbarga Institute of Medical Sciences, Kalaburagi, Karnataka, India
  • Aditya J. Mise Department of PSM, Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli, Karnataka, India
  • Sangamesh J. Mise Department of General Surgery, Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College, Kalaburgi, Karnataka, India
  • Margol Siddappa Department of Medicine, Gulbarga Heart Foundation, Kalaburgi, Karnataka, India



Colostrum, Exclusive breastfeeding, Postnatal, Pre-lacteal feeds, Weaning


Background: Breastfeeding has many health and developmental advantages for infant and mothers. Breastfeeding remains the simplest, healthiest and least expensive feeding method that fulfils the infant’s needs.

Methods: 112 mothers having infants of age group less than 1 year were included in the study. Self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on breastfeeding practices in the initial six months of birth of the child. Study population were postnatal mothers in KIMS Hubli, Hospital IPD and OPD.

Results: 112 lactating mothers were included in the study. Majority of subjects 86 (76.7%) were in the age group 21-30 years. About 43 (38.4%) lactating mother initiated breast feeding practices within 1 hour after the delivery. 63.4% of the infants received exclusive breast feeding. Lactation failure 40% and unsatisfactory growth of baby 50% were the main reasons for early weaning. Most common cause of delay in initiation in breast were caesarian section and delivery complication (53.12% and 21.88% respectively) Only 27 (24.1%) babies were given pre-lacteal feed.

Conclusions: There is a need of giving information regarding breast feeding during antenatal visits to inform the mothers regarding proven facts of advantages of exclusive breastfeeding, as undesirable cultural practices such as giving pre-lacteals, late initiation of breast feeding are still prevalent among the community and these should be discouraged. For successful feeding, mothers need active support, care and privacy during pregnancy and following birth, not only of their families and communities but also of the entire health system.


WHO. Breast feeding; 2009 Available at

World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia. The Optimal Duration of Exclusive Breastfeeding: A Systematic Review. World Health Organization, Geneva: 2002. Available at: duration_of_ex c_bfeeding_review_eng.pdf.

Yilmaz E, Ocal FD, Yilmaz ZV, Ceyhan M. Early initiation and exclusive breastfeeding: Factors influencing the attitudes of mothers who gave birth in a baby friendly hospital. Turkish J Obstet Gynaecol. 2017;14:1-9.

Dadhich JP, RK Agarwal. Mainstreaming early and exclusive breastfeeding for improving child survival. Indian Paediatrics. 2009;46:11-7.

CheZem J, Friesen C, and Boettcher J. Breastfeeding knowledge, breastfeeding confidence and infant feeding plans: Effects on actual feeding practice. J Obstetr Gynecol Neonat Nurs. 2003;32(1):42-7.

Dutton, M. A. A breastfeeding protocol. J Ostetrics Gynecol Neonat Nurs. 1979;8(3):151-5.

Oommen A, Vatsa M, Paul VK, Agarwal R. Breastfeeding practices of urban and rural mothers. Ind Paediatr. 2009;46:891-4.

Brodribb W. Barriers to translating evidence‐based breastfeeding information into practice. Acta Paediatrica. 2011;100(4):486-90.

Govt. of India. National family health survey III (2005-2006). In: IIPS, eds. IIPS Survey. Mumbai: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; 2007:1-24.

Ansari MA, Khan Z, Khan IM. Hospital based study on breastfeeding practices in Aligarh. Ind J Prevent Soc Medic. 2007;38(1-2):69-74.

Kumar A, Verma P, Singh VS, Kansal S. Breastfeeding practices in rural eastern uttar pradesh: a descriptive cross-sectional study. Indian J Prev Soc Med. 2011;42(2):193-8.

Tiwari V, Singh A. Knowledge attitude and practice of mothers regarding breast feeding in an urban area of Faizabad district (UP). Ind J Prevent Soc Medic. 2007;38(1-2):18-22.

Mandal PK, Sardar JC, Chatterjee C, Lahiri SK, Ghosh P. A study of breast feeding practices among infants in a rural area of West Bengal. Ind J Prevent Soc Medic. 2007;38(1-2):28-31.

Mallikarjun HB, Banapurmath CR, Shobha B, Kesari N. Breastfeeding problems in first 6 months of life in rural Karnataka. Indian Pediatr. 2002;39:861-4.

Shiva F, Nasiri M. A study of feeding patterns in young infants. J Trop Pediatr. 2003;49(2):89-92.






Original Research Articles