A pilot study evaluating the feasibility of non-descent vaginal hysterectomy for benign gynecological indications in women in rural India

Anjali Soni, Pawan Kumar Soni, Chanderdeep Sharma, Suresh Verma, Shivani Vashasit


Background: Hysterectomy for benign indications is one of the common surgical procedures performed on women worldwide. Despite the available evidence favouring vaginal surgery still abdominal route is preferred in majority of women in rural India. Hence, this pilot study was done to determine the feasibility of Non-descent vaginal hysterectomy (NDVH) in rural India.

Methods: All women planned for hysterectomy for benign indications (with no or minimal pelvic organ prolapse) during a period of six months were enrolled after taking informed consent and subsequently, underwent NDVH. Data was analyzed retrospectively with respect to duration of surgery, average blood loss, complications of surgery and duration of stay in the hospital.

Results: All except one woman out of 37 women enrolled for the study had an un-eventful surgery with median duration of surgery [median 30 minutes; (range 30-55 minutes)], median hospital stay [(median 2 days) range 2-7 days], and minimal blood loss [median 50 ml (range 50-200 ml)]. There was one case of inadvertent cystotomy (diagnosed and repaired intra-operatively), and discharged in healthy condition on seventh post-operative day.

Conclusions: NDVH is a safe option for hysterectomy (in women without pelvic organ prolapse) for benign indications even in rural India. It has been found to be associated with short hospital stay, minimal blood loss and short recovery time.


Benign indications, Hysterectomy, Non-descent vaginal hysterectomy, Rural India

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