DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20174420

Transvaginal sonography versus saline contrast sonohysterography in evaluation of abnormal uterine bleeding

Rashmi Vohra, Rita Mittal, Anupa Sood

Abstract


Background: To evaluate TVS and SCSH as a screening method in case of AUB and to correlate he findings of TVS and SCSH with hysterectomy specimen.

Methods: Present study was conducted in department of obstetrics and gynaecology, Kamla Nehru Hospital for mother and child, IGMC, Shimla for a period of one year. A total of 150 patients with AUB were subjected to TVS and SCSH in same sitting irrespective of their phase of menstrual cycle. All the cases were subjected to hysterectomy within 2 weeks and operative findings were noted. Data was collected and findings analysed.

Results: Overall sensitivity of SCSH was found to be 97.6% while that of TVS was 95.1%. The overall specificity of SCSH was found to be 99.6% and that of TVS was 98.2%. PPV, NPV and DA for SCSH was more than that of TVS i.e., 98.9% vs 97.4%, 99.7% vs 99.3% and 99.4% vs 98.7%.

Conclusions: SCSH represents a new and promising technique for investigation of the uterine cavity. It is safe, minimally invasive, easy, cost effective and reliable method to diagnose the cause of AUB.


Keywords


AUB, SCSH, Sensitivity, Specificity, TVS

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References


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