Reproductive surgery in infertility

Shilpi S. Sud, Suneet K. Sud, Jayshree J. Upadhye


Background: With recent improvements in the assisted reproductive technology (ART), there has been a growing tendency that bypasses diagnostic laparohysteroscopy and proceeds directly to ART. Therefore, the value of diagnostic laparohysteroscopy in current fertility practice is under debate. In the present study, we evaluated the usefulness of diagnostic laparoscopy and hysteroscopy for patients with infertility.

Methods: This retrospective study was conducted at Safal Hospital, Nagpur from January 2017 to July 2017. 80 patients were selected for this study who had undergone diagnostic laparohysteroscopy for infertility.

Results: In present study, out of 80 patients studied, 66.25% patients had normal hysteroscopy findings, in 10% of patients, tubal cannulation was done for cornual block, in 6.25% of patients, resection of uterine septum was done, adhesiolysis for asherman’s syndrome was done in 5% of patients, endometrial polyp was removed in 5% of patients, 2.5% patients had resection of submucous fibroid. In 5% patients, cervical dilatation for fibrosis was done in 5% of patients. 68.75% had normal laparoscopy findings, in 8.75% of patients, ovarian drilling for PCOS was done, adhesiolysis for peritubal adhesions was done in 6.25% patients, fulguration of endometriosis was done in 6.25% patients, salpingectomy for hydrosalpinx was done in 5% patients, aspiration of ovarian cyst was done in 2.5% patients.

Conclusions: Diagnostic hysterolaparoscopy is an effective diagnostic and therapeutic modality for certain significant and correctable abnormalities in pelvis, tubes and uterus which are missed by other imaging modalities.


Hysteroscopy, Infertility, Laparoscopy

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