Published: 2017-10-28

Comparative study of post-partum intrauterine contraceptive device in vaginal and intra caesarean insertion

Babita Kanwat, Lakshmi Salodia, Madhubala Chauhan, Radha Rastogi


Background: Institutional deliveries have increased all over the country, thereby providing opportunities for quality postpartum family planning services. In this period, women are highly receptive to accept family planning methods. Objective of this study was to evaluate CuT Multiload 375, in terms of acceptance, safety, efficacy, continuation rate, removal rate and to find out PPIUCD complications e.g. bleeding irregularities, perforation, expulsion and discontinuation due to various reasons.

Methods: Prospective analytical study was conducted from February 2016 to June 2016 in the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, at RNT Medical College, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.100 patients in each vaginal and cesarean group were selected randomly. Multiload 375 was inserted after obtaining written consent.

Results: Missing threads were detected more in cesarean group (22.8%) than vaginal group (12.9%). Cumulative expulsion rate was 15.2% in vaginal group and 10.8% in cesarean group. Heavy Bleeding PV with or without the pain was the main reason for removal of CuT in both the groups. Removal rate for vaginal and cesarean group was 15.2% and 10.8% respectively.

Conclusions: PPIUCD is very effective, safe and reversible contraceptive method which provides contraceptive effect soon after birth. Although there is relatively high incidence of expulsions and removal in the both group still the continuation rate was 69.4% in vaginal group and 78% in cesarean group.


Continuation rate, Expulsion, Intra–cesarean insertion, Intrauterine contraceptive devices, PPIUCD, Post placental insertion

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