Gestational diabetes: know your risk by simple and single step criteria (DIPSI)
Keywords:Diabetes in pregnancy study group India criteria, Gestational diabetes mellitus
Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has associations beyond the index pregnancy, identifying two generations at risk of future diabetes. Thus, detection of gestational diabetes mellitus becomes an important public health issue. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus by using simple and single step DIPSI criteria (Diabetes in pregnancy study group India) and risk factors associated with GDM.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in 800 antenatal patients attending the antenatal clinic. These patients have given 82.5 gm mono-hydrous (75 gm anhydrous) oral glucose irrespective of the meals and their plasma glucose was estimated at 2 hr. Patients with plasma glucose value ≥140 mg/dl were diagnosed as GDM.
Results: The present study estimated that the prevalence of GDM was 14.75% at their 1st visit. We found a positive association of GDM by age, BMI, hypertension and family history of diabetes. Older women had 4.5 times greater risk of GDM than younger women, obese women had 52 times higher risk of GDM than underweight women and hypertensive pregnant women had 4 times greater risk of GDM.
Conclusions: It was realized that the test (DIPSI) could be easily performed in high volume hospitals comfortably and the patient were at ease as they were not fasting. Simple, cost effective tests, if made universal and available in developing country like ours will surely aid health care providers to screen, diagnose GDM and offer preventive and treatment measures at the earliest.
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