Published: 2017-10-28

Study of impact of anemia on pregnancy

Shradha S. Maka, Sangamesh B. Tondare, Mahesh B. Tondare


Background: Anemia during pregnancy is highly prevalent in developing countries like India. Mostly is nutritional, of which iron deficiency anemia is predominant. Pregnancy is a state of hemodilution, also there is increased requirement of iron and folic acid during pregnancy. The incidence varies with socioeconomic status, literacy. Anemia has adverse outcome on both mother and fetal health. Poor fetal outcome like increase in preterm deliveries, increase in intrauterine growth restriction, increase in NICU admission, intrauterine death is seen. Maternal complications increase with anemia. This study aims to study the prevalence, type of anemia and its effect on mother and fetus. Objective of present study were to investigate the type and degree of anemia and to study the maternal and perinatal outcome.

Methods: This study was done in department of obstetrics and gynecology in M. R. Medical college kalaburagi for 1 year. Study was conducted on 100 pregnant women. Haemoglobin estimation was done for all woman in 3rd trimester. Severity of anemia was detected by ICMR (Indian Council of Medical Research) classification. Depending on degree and type of anemia all were treated and followed up for maternal and perinatal outcome.

Results: The incidence of mild, moderate, severe anemia were 28%, 54%, 18% respectively. Most of the anemic woman belonged to low socioeceonomic status 84%. 16% had maternal complications. Poor perinatal outcome was seen in unbooked and referred cases.

Conclusions: Anemia continues to be a major problem in developing countries with poor maternal and neonatal outcome. Early diagnosis and treatment can improve both maternal and neonatal outcome.


Anemia, Maternal outcome, Neonatal outcome, Pregnancy

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