DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-1770.ijrcog20175255

Knowledge, awareness and breast-feeding practices of postnatal mothers in a rural teaching hospital: a cross sectional survey

Deepali Ambike, Abhijit Ambike, Swati Raje, Sanjana Chincholikar

Abstract


Background: Breastfeeding has several benefits for both the infants and mothers. Despite the evidence of the protective, immunological and psychological beneficial factors seen in breast milk, a decline in breastfeeding rates has been documented in India. The objective of the present study was to examine the knowledge, attitude and practices in breastfeeding in the postnatal mothers of a rural hospital.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among randomly selected postnatal mothers in the postnatal ward of a rural teaching hospital. Data was collected by face to face interviews using a pre-validated structured questionnaire.

Results: Significant difference was found in prevalence of knowledge about advantages of colostrum with respect to education, with less number of people being aware in lower class of education. (χ2=6.6) Statistically significant difference was also found in the prevalence of knowledge about advantages of breast feeding with respect to education trend (χ2=10.48). No significant association was seen with the knowledge provider (doctor/ relatives) regarding breast feeding practices. Significant difference was found in no. of women with knowledge about breast feeding with respect to parity. Less number of primigravida mothers were aware about advantages of breast feeding compared to multigravida women. (χ2=4.1). As against this, more number of primigravida mothers initiated breast feeding within 2 hours compared to multigravida women and difference was statistically significant (χ2=3.95).

Conclusions: Our Findings show that prenatal and antenatal education of mothers on initiation of breastfeeding and colostrum along with proper method and techniques of breastfeeding will eliminate the problems and ignorance regarding same. We also recommend involvement of the nursing and social workers in the postnatal ward to encourage and counsel the mothers for proper breastfeeding practices.


Keywords


Awareness, Breastfeeding, Knowledge, Mother

Full Text:

PDF

References


Vijayalakshmi P, Susheela T, Mythili D. Knowledge, attitudes and breast-feeding practices of postnatal mothers: A cross sectional survey. Int J Health Sci. 2015: 9(4):364-75

Pandey D, Sardana P, Saxena A, Dogra L, Coondoo A, Kamath A. Awareness and attitude towards breastfeeding among two generations of Indian women: a comparative study 2015. PloS one. 2015;10(5):1-9

De Maumita, Taraphdar P, Paul S, Halder A. Awareness of breastfeeding among mothers attending antenatal OPD of NRS Medical College. IOSR J Dental Med Sci. 2016:15(2):3-8.

Chezem J, Freiscen C, Boettcher J. Breastfeeding knowledge, breastfeeding confidence and infant feeding plans: effects on actual feeding practices. J Obstet Gynecol Nurs. 2003;32:40-7.

World Health Organization. Global strategy for infant and young child feeding. Report by the Secreteriat. World Health Organization; 2003.

Hong J, Mu Li, Dongling Y, Li Meng Ven, Hunter C, He G, et al. Awareness, Intention and needs regarding breastfeeding: findings from first time mothers in Shangai, China. Breastfeeding Med. 2012;7(6):526-34.

Garg R, Deepti S, Padda A, Singh T. Breastfeeding knowledge and practices among rural women of Punjab, India: a community based study. Breastfeeding Med. 2010;(5):303-7.

Kavitha SD. A descriptive study to assess the knowledge and attitude related to breast feeding among primigravida mothers in Bangalore, Karnataka (M.sc Obstetrics and Gynaecology Dissertation): Gold Finch College, Bangalore: submitted to Rajiv Gandhi University Of Health Sciences, Karnataka. 2009

Galhotra A, Abrol A, Agarwal N, Goel N, Swami H. Impact of community based awareness campaign on breastfeeding among lactating women in Chandigarh. Internet J Health: 7(1). Available at https://print.ispub.com/api/0/ispub-article/12581

Mbwana, Ally H. Exclusive breastfeeding: mothers awareness and healthcare providers, practices during antenatal visits in Myonmero Tanzania: a thesis presented for degree of Master Of Science in Human nutrition at Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand. 2012. Available at: https://mro.massey.ac.nz/handle/10179/3863 Acessed April 4th, 2014

Wen LM, Baur LA, Rissel C, Alperstein G, Simpson JM. Intention to breastfeed and awareness of health recommendations: findings from first-line mothers in south west Sydney, Australia. Int Breastfeeding J. 2009;(4):4358-9.

Wen LM, Judy M, Rissel C, Baur LA. Awareness of breastfeeding recommendations and duration of breastfeeding: findings from health beginnings trial: Breastfeed Med. 2012:7(4):223-9.