A study of vaginismus in patients presenting with infertility

Jalpa K. Bhatt, Vipul S. Patel, Alpesh R. Patel


Background: Vaginismus is an uncommonly reported entity, most of the patients present to the gynaecologist with complaint of inability to conceive. Female sexual dysfunctions are a common entity but difficult to diagnose and treat, Vaginismus is one of the categories of female sexual dysfunction.

Methods: Total 25 patients out of 900 patients attending the outdoor of Shivanjali Women’s Hospital for infertility from the year 2008 to 2016 were found to be having vaginismus. With couple’s consent females were treated for vaginismus. This is a retrospective study of 25 patients identified having vaginismus.

Results: Maximum 11 patients were in age group of 20 to 25 years. Forty percent 10 patients improved with counselling and education, lubricant gel and analgesic gel. Total 84% (21) patients conceived with different modes of treatment.

Conclusions: Vaginismus is uncommonly reported. With proper history and counselling of the couple vaginismus can be revealed, managed and conception can be achieved.


Counselling and education, Muscle spasm, Vaginismus

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